sri lanka official languages sinhala

Sinhala remained the Official Language of Sri Lanka continuously for 32 years from 1956 to 1988. There are several cases of vocabulary doublets, e.g. Tamil Preview. The writing system for Sinhala is an abugida, where the consonants are written with letters while the vowels are indicated with diacritics (pilla) on those consonants, unlike English where both consonants and vowels are full letters, or Urdu where vowels need not be written at all. In the plural, (in)definiteness does not receive special marking. Macanese Patois or Macau Creole (known as Patuá to its speakers) is a creole language derived mainly from Malay, Sinhala, Cantonese, and Portuguese, which was originally spoken by the Macanese people of the Portuguese colony of Macau. Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese or Helabasa, is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 15 million. ), janadhipathi thuma (ජනාධිපති තුමා) - the president (third person). COLOMBO, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- CHEC Port City Colombo has launched online translations of its first Social Responsibility report in Sri Lanka's official languages of Sinhala and Tamil. Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan Moors speak a form of Tamil heavily influenced by Arabic. Independence from British. Apart from the two official languages there are indo-Portuguese, English, Arabic, Sri Lankan Creole, Veddah and sign languages. The most important difference between the two varieties is the lack of inflected verb forms in the spoken language. An introduction to sociolinguistics, London: Longman. Sinhala is also spoken as the first language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about 4 million people as of 2001. To learn more about ALTA’s Sinhala translation services, please contact us today. In writing, /a/ and /ə/ are both spelt without a vowel sign attached to the consonant letter, so the patterns of stress in the language must be used to determine the correct pronunciation. The best known of these minority languages is Veddah, spoken by the Veddah people, who are a group of tribal hunter gatherers that live in the forests of central Sri Lanka. The decision impacts the right to information to free and impartial news in the local language of more than 833,000 listeners, representing around 7 per cent of the total Sinhala-speaking population of Sri Lanka. [6] Sinhala is written using the Sinhala script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script closely related to the Kadamba script. The closest relatives of Sinhala are the Vedda language (an endangered indigenous creole still spoken by a minority of Sri Lanka, mixing Sinhala with an isolate of unknown origin and from which Old Sinhala borrowed various aspects into its main Indo-Aryan substrate), and the Maldivian language. In Sinhala there is distinctive diglossia, as in many languages of South Asia. It has a rich cultural heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BCE. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil.The languages spoken on the island nation are deeply influenced by the various languages in India, Europe and Southeast Asia. [Google Scholar], p. 105). 1966. Here the particular word ‘boya’ means ‘a little’ in the Southern region and at the end of most of nouns, 'boya' is added regularly. 1992. During the career of Christopher Reynolds (1922–2015) as a Sinhalese lecturer at the SOAS, University of London, he extensively researched the Sinhalese language and its pre-1815 literature: the Sri Lankan government awarded him the Sri Lanka Ranjana medal for this. Sinhala as the only official language in Sri Lanka but a foreseeable and even anticipated outcome of the policy itself. It is now spoken by a few families in Macau and in the Macanese diaspora. Yet their unique regional variation is visible in relation to the second verb which is ‘enawai’ (coming) as they add ‘ai’ at the end of most verbs. Sinhala also has a number of words borrowed from Tamil. The wording of the constitution, however, is problematic. Among those variations, 'regional variations' are prominent. Uva regional variation in relation to grammar, People from Uva province also have a unique linguistic variation in relation to the pronunciation of words. An example of an Eastern feature is the ending -e for masculine nominative singular (instead of Western -o) in Sinhalese Prakrit. Official site. Sinhala , also known as Sinhalese, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka, who make up the largest ethnic group on the island, numbering about 16 million. An official language, in contrast, is simply a language that may be used for government business (Holmes, 1992 Holmes, J. Thus, in the debates on the language of state in the House of Representatives in 1955, Dr. N. M. Perera was to warn: “In point of fact, insisting on Sinhalese as the only official language, does Sinhala also has diverse slang. English serves as a “link language”, according to this page on the Sri Lankan government’s website.. A similar claim was made on Facebook here, here, here, here, here and here.. In 1815 the island of Ceylon came under British rule. In general, Sinhala singular words are pluralized by adding suffixes like O, hu, wal or waru. 3. On 22 May 1972, Sri Lanka became a free, sovereign, and independent republic within the British … Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. The Sinhala language has different types of variations which are commonly identified as 'dialects and accents'. For example, the letter ක k on its own indicates ka, either /ka/ or /kə/. The bill was the first step taken by the new government of S.W.R.D. Also, the Rodiya community that lives in the Hill Country speaks a language of their own, sometimes considered a dialect of Sinhala. Short title 2. Some of the features that may be traced to Dravidian influence are –. Tamil language special provision. For example, tam̆ba 'copper' contrasts with tamba 'boil'. Also popular as Sinhalese, Sinhala is an official language of Sri Lanka. Overflow of rural youth tension. [1], The oldest Sinhalese Prakrit inscriptions found are from the third to second century BCE following the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka,[8][9] while the oldest extant literary works date from the ninth century. Even though the Kandy, Kegalle and Galle people pronounce words with slight differences, the Sinhalese can understand the majority of the sentences. Sanskrit viṃśati "twenty", Sinhala visi-, Hindi bīs). English becomes the official language of Sri Lanka. Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.) According to the Constitution, today, Sinhala is not the Official Language of Sri Lanka, it is only an Official Language, one of the two National Languages of Sri Lanka, the language of administration, used for the maintenance of public records and the transaction of all business by public institutions in the seven Provinces where the majority of population speak and use Sinhala for transacting business in … It is the Sinhalese people's native language, who total approximately 16 million. Sinhala is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 70 percent of Sri Lanka’s population, which equals approximately 13 million people. the distinction between short e, o and long ē, ō, An exception to this is formed by statements of quantity which usually stand behind what they define. Tamil is dominant in North and Eastern part of the country and Sinhala is dominant in rest of the country. 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