In these five decades, Muslims have added more than 1.75 percentage points to their share in every decade except 1991-2001, when the accretion was of somewhat less than 1.5 percentage points. In South Kerala, Christians form 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims have a share of 13.3 percent. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. Yet, the number of children of age 0-6 years per hundred of population is 14.4 for Muslims as compared to 8.9 for both Hindus and Christians. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. A TOI analysis of the 2001 and 2011 religion-based census data showed the state's Muslim population grew by 12.23% while the other two communities (Hindus up by … Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the eastern hills and mountains comparatively sparsely populated. Indian Religionists have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points from their share in the population of North Kerala. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever. Later we shall see that though there was a significant presence of Christians and Muslims in Kerala already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in the pre-Independence period and to that of the latter in the six decades since 1951. Also, see the Nomination Form for Election Candidate in 2019. Religious Demography. Christians and Muslims have shared the century between themIn the Table here we have compiled the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala since 1901. Such is the yawning and persistent gap between the Muslims and others. In 2011, the share of Muslims in this district is 70.2 percent, marking an accretion of 16 percentage points in the six decades since Independence. We do not have the muscle and backing of a large media conglomerate nor are we playing for the large advertisement sweep-stake. With less than three hours left for polling to end, the voting percentage in Kerala has crossed 60%. As a consequence of this differential growth, the share of Muslims in the state has increased by 1.84 percentage points at the cost of both Hindus and Christians who have lost 1.44 and 0.64 percentage points, respectively, from their share in 2001. According to an intelligence report, 2 'recognised' religious conversion centres in Kozhikode and Malappuram converted as many as 5,793 people to Islam between 2011 and 2015 As seen in the Table above, the growth gap between Muslims and others is not related to literacy or urbanisation. Religion Data of Ernakulam district of Kerala state for Census 2011. Christians and Muslims are concentrated in South and North Kerala, respectively. Kerala’s almost 100 percent literacy rate, it is believed, can be attributed to the success of the Christian school system. With the rise in the share of both Muslims and Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. Kerala district wise population, population based on religion in Kerala. This gap in growth is wider than even in Haryana.8. In the northern Kasargod sub-district, their share has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 percent. Of this loss of more than 18 percentage points, 14 have been lost after 1951. These low work participation rates of women and high number of children percent of the population among Muslims seem related to the internal dynamics of the community rather than to any external parameters. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. Conclusion1. The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of Kottayam district, Udumbanchola, Thodupuzha and Peerumadeof Idukki; Thiruvalla and Ranni of Pathanamthitta and Aluva, Kochi, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam of Ernakulam. However, the decline of the latter has been more pronounced in North Kerala, where their share has fallen from 69.1 percent in 1901 to 50.7 percent in 2011. With 33,387,677 people as per the figures of the 2011 Census, Kerala is the 13th largest state as far as population and is separated into 14 regions and the capital being Trivandrum. In addition they have a near majority in the northernmost sub-district of Kasargod. The share of Christians in Kerala had increased from 13.8 percent in 1901 to 21.2 percent in 1961; since then, there has been some decline in their share because of the rapid rise of Muslims. In Peerumade, there has been some accretion to the share of Muslims also, and the share of Hindus has declined by as much as 3 percentage points. Share of Christians in Kerala now is 18.4 percent.4. Religious Demography of KeralaPopulation of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. The decline of 1.2 percentage points that they have experienced during the last decade is comparable to the quantum of decline they have experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that century, the decline was higher, at about 2 percentage points per decade.Distribution and Growth of Muslims and Christians in different regions of KeralaKerala is historically divided into two distinct regions: North Kerala, known as Malabar, comprising the current districts of Kasargod, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad; and, South Kerala, generally known as Travancore-Cochin and comprising Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. Indian religionists are now reduced to a near minority in North Kerala, while they retain a somewhat better share of 58.5 percent in South Kerala.6. Not just Kerala, that is the case in all the South Indian states. But the decline has been far slower than that of the other communities subjected to similar influences of education, modernity and prosperity. Prior to rise of Empires, the pastoral life was the order of the world and each nomadic tribe followed its own religious cults of Shamanism, animism and ancestor worship. The Mathrubhumi News-Geowide India exit poll results show the LDF vote share coming down from 40 percent in 2014 to 37 percent in 2019. On the other hand, of 60.6 lakh Christians in the State, 52.9 lakh are in South Kerala and only 8.5 lakh are in North Kerala. All Rights Reserved. Kerala thus is proof that decline in the growth rates of population because of various factors of development does not by itself lead to restoration of the imbalance of growth between different communities; in fact, it may worsen the imbalance.9. Food And Drink. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Therefore, the gap in growth of Muslims and others has only widened. Christians are concentrated in South Kerala and especially in Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta and Ernakulam districts. The numbers under RNS have increased considerably in all districts of Kerala, but their largest concentration in 2011 is in Thiruvananthapuram; fully one-quarter of the RNS have been counted in this district, and of these, more than 13 thousand are in the capital city. Kerala is a state in India on the Malabar coast in the southwest region of the country. This makes the Change in the Population of Female which is 61% and in Male only 31%. Kerala Hindus (ARUN SANKAR/AFP/Getty Images). Haryana is on the other end of the scale from Kerala in terms of demographic ‘advance’ as indicated by parameters like female literacy and children percent of population. What we have though, is district-wise religious break-up for Kerala. Muslims at that time formed nearly 30 percent of the population. In this area, which extends into the high Muslim presence region of coastal Karnataka in the north, the growth of Muslims has been extraordinarily high; in the single decade of 2001-11, the share of Muslims in Kasargod district has gone up from 34.31 to 37.24 percent. We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. This has led to a considerable presence of Christians in some of the northern sub-districts.13. From that data, it seems that the growth in the proportion of Muslims in this district has been spectacular after Independence, and particularly after 1961. But the consistently high rise after 1961 is related, in large part, to their relatively higher growth. The concentration of Christians in this region has been somewhat moderated because of their large-scale migration from this region to the hilly forested parts of North Kerala, from around 1931. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. However, this isn't the complete picture. Large numbers were forcibly converted to Islam by Tipu Sultan, when he invaded and conquered the region in the late eighteenth century. Muslims form 43.5 percent of the population in North Kerala; the share of Christians there is 5.8 percent. Of this, 12 percentage points have been added after 1951.Christians have added 4.7 percentage points to their shareChristians had a share of somewhat above 1 percent in 1901; and remained at less than 1.5 percent up to 1941. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right. This gap is likely to remain rather wide even after the population of Kerala stops growing or even begins to decline, which is likely to happen by the next decade.The gap in growth between Muslims and others in Kerala is wider than in HaryanaIn an earlier post (XIV: Age Pyramids), we have given the age-pyramids of Muslims, Hindus and Christians in Kerala and several other States including Haryana. Kerala. They had a share of 13.8 percent at the beginning of the century in 1901; it reached 21.2 percent in 1961, marking a rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. They form 70 percent of the population of this district, and are in a majority in each of its six sub-districts.Malappuram was carved out as a separate district in 1969 from Kozhikode and Palakkad and taking some parts of Thrissur. The share of Muslims in the State at 26.6 percent is the fourth largest in the country after Jammu & Kashmir (68.3%), Assam (34.2%) and West Bengal (27.0%), if we do not count the tiny Union Territory of Lakshadweep, where Muslims form 96.6 percent of the population. Muslims have a high presence along the whole western coast up to Goa.12. Population of India By Religion. Kerala—like Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast—has seen a drastic change in its religious demography in the Census period, beginning from 1901. Get Swarajya in your inbox everyday. During 2001-11, Hindus and Christians have recorded decadal growth of 2.23 and 1.38 percent respectively, while the Muslims have grown by 12.84 percent. In 1951, they had a share of 54.3 percent, which was only 2 percentage points above their share of 52.3 percent in 1911. The growth of Muslims has thus been nearly 6 times that of Hindus and more than 9 times that of Christians. Religion-wise Population Distribution of Telangana. Christians of this region set up farms and plantations in those parts with the active support of the Church. As of 2019, Other Backward Class (OBC) constituted the largest part of the Indian population accounting for more than 40 percent. Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and that of others remains very wide. In the longer term, however, both Christians and Muslims have significantly increased their share in Kerala at the cost of Indian Religionists, nearly all of who are Hindus. The 2019 Indian general election were held in Kerala on 23 April 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. INC turned the tables around again with 13 seats and 16 seats for the Congress-led UDF. 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