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https://doi.org/10.1186/s40886-017-0067-4, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40886-017-0067-4. Although there are many previous cross-sectional studies which revealed that the levels of nurses’ knowledge and practices are relatively poor and insufficient [12,13,14,15], to the researcher’s best of knowledge, so far, no study has been conducted in Yemen which is the context of the current study. Also the result showed that (75.8%) had intermediate level of performance in this field. Further studies involving both public and private hospitals are also recommended. In contrast, such result is inconsistent with the result reported by Fashafsheh et al. Google Scholar. Eskander HG, Morsy WY, Elfeky HA. The collected data were analyzed by … A nurse can play an important role in controlling hospital infections via updated knowledge, enhanced attitude and professional behaviors (18). [16] as it was 91.14%, but it is higher than what was found in many other studies [18, 20, 26, 27] as this level of practice accounted for 20, 48.7, 55.3, and 57.5%, respectively. 2013; 6 : 11 Edwards JR, However, above half of the Yemeni nurses (60%) had a poor level of knowledge of safe linen handling. The Nosocomial infections (NIs) afflict a considerable number of patients all over the world and are among the major risks and causes of death in treatment centers and hospitals of the world. Objective: To assess the knowledge and practices of health care professionals about nosocomial infections. -5 Surg Res Pract. Materials and Methods: The study had an experimental research design. Abstract . Lastly, the participants were asked to sign a written consent. Hospital personnel, especially the nurses play an important role in spreading the infection and they are considered as key members of managing and controlling the hospital infections; therefore, nurses must have correct, up-to-date and appropriate scientific information regarding varieties of hospital infections, their effects on afflicting patients, death toll and increased hospital costs, recognition of people at risk and also the criteria to prevent and control (15). Some 1% of these infections are mortal and some 4% contribute to patients' deaths (10). Madani TA, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, Gamil Alrubaiee, Anisah Baharom & Hayati Kadir Shahar, Department of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Aden, Aden, Yemen, You can also search for this author in Thus, why the males outnumbered the females in the current study could be explained from a cultural and religious perspective. 100 nurses working in the private hospitals located in the capital city of Yemen was selected as study participants. 2011; 6(3), Ehsani SR, Cheraghi MA, Nejati A, Salari A, Esmaeilpoor AH, Nejad EM. PubMed Google Scholar. [PubMed], Moghaddasian S, Zamanzadeh V, Parvan K, Allah Bakhshian M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of ICU Nurse about Nosocomial infection control in Teaching Hospital of Tabriz. Score of staff nurses about nosocomial infection … The findings from this study will add to the existing literature and may be used in developing interventions to reduce the spread of nosocomial infections. Brathwaite AR, The sample size was 50 and convenient sampling technique was used. The Study reveals that majority of the trained nurses in surgical wards have knowledge about the prevention of nosocomial infections The results of the study showed that the majority of the nurses (61.2%) were males and they were the age group of 25 years and above (71.8%). [DOI], Gould D, Chamberlain A. More details are given in Table 3. Metrics details. Ibom Med. Regarding the preventive measures used in preventing transmission of infections from the hospital environment, the results revealed that more than half (52.9%) of the participants had a good level of knowledge on routine hospital cleaning and the majority (81.1%) of them had a fair level of knowledge on safe waste handling and disposal. Safety in Health According to the obtained results, the majority of nurses participating in the study had an intermediate level of knowledge and practice of infection control. For additional infection control guidelines you can use to protect your patient, visit the CDC’s website at: A 45-item questionnaire was used to assess knowledge and practices regarding nosocomial infection control measures among the study subjects. However, the results of the current study suggested that the majority of units under study had inadequate knowledge about controlling hospital infections. Health promotion in hospitals: the attitudes, beliefs and practices of hospital nurses. The percentage score was calculated as total achieved scores divided by total maximum scores. ; 9(4):e18278. 3 Citations. Knowledge of, and nurse practice focused on, the prevention of SSIs have not been studied well in Ethiopia, especially in our area. Therefore, in order to establish a proper behavior by proper performance of nurses and other members of the treatment team concerning hospital infection control and prevention, it is necessary to provide departments with conditions and facilitation for appropriate performance; for example, adequate human resources, suitable equipment, permanent and updated education etc., and then according to the World Health Organization recommendation, the behaviors should be monitored through continuous observation (32). Background: Health care professionals are constantly exposed to microorganisms. Nurse-driven quality improvement interventions to reduce hospital-acquired infection in the NICU. reveals that there is lack of knowledge regarding nosocomial infections. [PubMed], Wolf R, Lewis D, Cochran R, Chesley R. . [A survey an knowledge and practice of nursing staff on controlling nosocomial infections in Yasouj hospital]. M, Mohammadnejad -84 [PubMed], Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Google Scholar. 1998; 12 Suppl 2 : S89 2010;5(12):e14420. Health care-associated infections fact sheet. The knowledge of the nurses surveyed depends mainly on age, seniority and education. J Adv Nurs. 2013;1(2):84–97. 2010;1(4):171–81. Isara A, Ofili A. BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs), a type of nosocomial infection, are a leading cause of morbidity and death and increase the overall cost of care. A non-probability sample of 100 nurses working in the private hospitals located in the capital city of Yemen was selected as study participants. Ceballos K, Waterman K, Hulett T, Makic MB. Hospitals had developed some permanent and reliable services in their organization. 2010;2(4):218–27. The results of this research showed that despite their knowledge regarding the necessity of hand hygiene nurses did not observe hand hygiene in the treatment procedures. 2006; 63(4) : 418 Zahra Tamizi In Yemen, data regarding NIs are few, but the prevalence rate of NIs, specifically surgical site infection, is high from time to time as it accounted for 8% in 2002 [6] and 34% in 2013 [7]. 3. Discussion: This study contributes to the lack of a nosocomial infection control educational module for nurses in Yemen. 3 doi: 10.5812/archcid.18278. Section 2 is related to knowledge and is divided into these two parts: Knowledge of preventive measures of person-to-person transmission, which includes hand hygiene (5 items), personal protective equipment (5 items), and safe injection practices (4 items), Knowledge of preventive measures of transmission from hospital environment, which involves routine hospital cleaning (4 items), safe waste handling and disposal (4 items), reprocessing of patient care equipment (4 items), and safe linen handling (4 items). Awareness and adequate knowledge are important requirements for all health care workers. age of 34 ± 12 years and age range of 20-60years. This study was undertaken to assess the knowledge level and practice f the staff nurses to control nosocomial infection. [DOI][PubMed]. Other ethical issues in the study included the assurance of confidentiality and anonymity of the participants and their responses. 2014 Regarding years of employment in the hospital, about half of nurses (56.5%) were found to have less than 5 years of experience. Johnson O, Asuzu M, Adebiyi A. After summing up, the obtained scores were classified into three levels of weak Practice (0-40), intermediate performance (41-60) and good performance (61-80) and the practice scores ranged between 0 and 80. It was also found that more than two thirds (82.8%) of the nurses had a fair level of knowledge on patient care equipment reprocessing, while above half (60%) of them had a poor level of knowledge of safe linen handling. Z. Therefore, this study aimed to identify gaps in nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding NI control measures in order to improve the current training courses and enhance future good practice. Kalantarzadeh A quantitative survey approach with non-experimental descriptive design was undertaken for this study. Therefore it is necessary that the health care work should have awareness about the nosocomial infection. [25] which showed that the level of practice was more than 75%. Wedderburn M, Objective : This study aims to assess the knowledge of standard precautions and nosocomial infection among nurses working in the governmental and private hospitals in Sana'a city, Yemen. Hence, this study was taken up to assess the effectiveness of self instructional module on prevention of nosocomial infection in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) among staff nurses in selected hospitals. According to the literature, factors associated with knowledge and practice of nurses towards the prevention of SSIs include but are not limited to work experience, level of nursing education, work load, training on infection prevention mechanisms, and nonadherence in infection prevention and patient safety guidelines [15, 16]. 2010;11(2). [DOI][PubMed], Suchitra JB, Lakshmi Devi N. Impact of education on knowledge, attitudes and practices among various categories of health care workers on nosocomial infections. Gamil Alrubaiee. Permission for this study was obtained from the Ethics Committee of both selected private hospitals (University of Science and Technology and Saudi German Hospital Sana’a). -32 Pollock DA, Gaynes RP, Knowledge and practices of nurses regarding nosocomial infection control measures in private hospitals in Sana’a City, Yemen. Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs) . -24 Nosocomial infection is an infection if it becomes positive 48 hours or more after admission to the hospital or within 30 days of discharge. [PubMed], Raeis Karimian F, Rostami Nejad A. Such result indicates that new employees seem to be more cooperative than senior ones to participate in research. -3 Healthcare Infect. Niger Postgrad Med J. Lack of knowledge among nurses can increase the rate of hospital-acquired infections. [17] in India, Johnson et al. Int J Adv Nurs Stud. Nurses' knowledge and early recognition of risk factors for the development of phlebitis can reduce complications, which improves the ... 69.9% of the respondents knew patients were on high risk to get a nosocomial infection when receiving IV therapy. On the basis of the current study findings, it can be concluded that there exists a positive and direct relationship between knowledge and practice. In other words, in many Middle East countries, cultural and Islamic perspectives still prevent female nurses from working in the night shift or working in the male’s wards. Seyyedeh Roghayeh Ehsani Therefore, future research should focus on improving knowledge and practices among nurses through educational intervention, during either their training courses or in-service refresher courses by assessing their knowledge and practices before and after intervention. Am J Infect Control. -27 Fashafsheh I, Ayed A, Eqtait F, Harazneh L. Knowledge and practice of nursing staff towards infection control measures in the Palestinian hospitals. The results of the research showed that among 224 nurses who participated in the research, (53.6%) were women, (89%) had bachelor degree, (80.4%) were married, and (14.2%) were head nurses and supervisors. Prevention of nosocomial infection in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) through the use of selective digestive decontamination. In-service training courses related to infection control measures can help nurses to make informed and therapeutic decisions which could prevent or reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the level of their knowledge on nosocomial infection and associated factors among staff nurses. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. Ho B, Prevention of hospital acquired infections: a practical guide. in Yasuj, Iran that indicated the proper performance of the majority of nurses (25). Springer Nature. PLoS One. Further details of the respondents’ demographic characteristics are presented in Table 1. 2008; 9(5) : 342 Nurses play a pivotal role in preventing hospital-acquired infections (HAI), not only by ensuring that all aspects of their nursing practice is evidence based, but also through nursing research and patient education. The difference in in-service training-related policy could also be another factor for this difference. 1999; : 35 Irn J Nurs . hey this is Nazish Ali student of Bs Generic in dow university of health and sciences Pakistan..hope you're doing well...I read your article this is very interesting and informative..Although it help me in my research in Pakistan..I request you to share your questionnare tool with me...I'll be very thankful for your act.. Kaushal G, Doke P, Shah A, Verma V. An analysis of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding standard precautions of infection control and impact of knowledge and attitude of ICU nurses on self-reported practices of infection control. Kamunge, Eunice W., "Exploring Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Registered Nurses Regarding the Spread of Nosocomial Infections" (2013). The healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) were defined by the CDC/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) Surveillance as a localized or systemic condition resulted from an adverse reaction to the presence of an infectious agent(s) or its toxin(s) (6) that occurs during a hospital admission 48 hours or more after hospital admission or within 30 days after discharge, for which there is no evidence that the infection was present or incubating at admission, and meets body site-specific criteria (7-9). According to this issue, the health is as a final product of treatment goals in organization, side effects of treatment such as infects is more considerable and the time of ramifications is more important in hospital organization (1). J Hosp Infect. A face-to-face interview gathered the following information: demographic and practice characteristics; knowledge about the healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and the disinfection practices; attitudes towards the utility of guidelines/protocols … Indian J Med Microbiol. Results: assessments, which test their knowledge of infection control practices and the application of skilled safe patient care activities, over the course of their academic journey (Sherwood et aI., 2007; Smith, 2007). However, the level of knowledge in the current study is lower than what was found by Vaz et al. 2006; 34(5) : 64 The data collection tool was a three-part questionnaire. GGA was responsible for the data collection and analysis. It will contain eight questions about MRSA infection and 23 questions on standard precaution measures in a surgical unit. Almost two thirds of the participants were found to have fair (27.1%) and good (35.3%) levels of knowledge on personal protective equipment. Google Scholar. -63 J Educ Pract. 3. Terms and Conditions, 2015;6(4):79–90. 2001; 29(1) : 169 Alwutaib A, Abdulghafour Y, Alfadhli A, Makboul G, El-Shazly M. Knowledge and attitude of the physicians and nurses regarding blood borne infections in primary health care, Kuwait. All the authors contributed in the data interpretation, reviewing and drafting the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript. Nasser AM, Zhang X, Yang L, Sawafta FJ, Salah B. Can J Infect Control. Ward E, However, only 85 questionnaires were filled completely and included in the final analysis. Am J Clin Dermatol. Nurses Knowledge Related To Prevention Of Nosocomial Infection,IJSR - International Journal of Scientific Research(IJSR), IJSR is a double reviewed monthly print journal that accepts research works. NIs represent a universally serious health problem and a major concern for the safety of both patients and the health care providers [1,2,3,4]. 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