The economy was based on large cacao and coffee plantations and logging concessions and the workforce was mostly immigrant contract labour from Liberia, Nigeria, and Cameroun. There were garrisons of the colonial guard throughout the enclave by 1926, and the whole colony was considered 'pacified' by 1929. The country was also chosen to host the 2008 Women's African Football Championship, which they won. Corisco and the two Elobey islands are in Corisco Bay, on the border of Río Muni and Gabon. The Plaza de la Mujer square in Malabo was occupied by the police from 13 May and it has been heavily guarded ever since. Historical Events 1960-08-23 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea) 1968-10-12 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain Equatorial Guinea International Restrictions: Equatorial Guinea has reopened its borders to nationals, residents, diplomats and visa holders travelling for business reasons or with government approval. Limited US Passport and Consular Services Appointments Available, Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation, Ambassador’s Welcome Reception Remarks May 8, 2019, Health Alert: U.S. Embassy Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, Health Alert: U.S. Embassy Malabo, Equatorial Guinea – July 13, 2020. The MPP called for a peaceful protest at the Plaza de la Mujer square on 15 May. Between 2002 and 2005, the GDP skyrocketed from $1.27 billion to $25.69 billion. Equatorial Guinea, formerly Spanish Guinea, consists of Río Muni (10,045 sq mi; 26,117 sq km), on the western coast of Africa, and several islands in the Gulf of Guinea, the largest of which is Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) (785 sq mi; 2,033 sq km). Obiang answered he refused to step aside because the new constitution was not retroactive and the two- term limit would only become applicable from 2016. Paysages quaternaires de l'Afrique Centrale Atlantique. Equatorial Guinea is famous for the swimmers Eric Moussambani, nicknamed "Eric the Eel", and Paula Barila Bolopa, "Paula the Crawler", who had astoundingly slow times at the 2000 Summer Olympics. U.S. Citizens with emergencies, please call (240) 555 516 008, Outside of Office Hours, contact: (240) 555 516 008, Outside of Equatorial Guinea: (240) 333 095 741. The Bubi, who constitute 15% of the population, are indigenous to Bioko Island. Equatorial Guinea is a small country on the west coast of Africa which struck oil in 1995 and which is now being cited as a textbook case of the resource curse - or the paradox of plenty. , The Equatorial Guinea government has partnered with Hess Corporation and The Academy for Educational Development (AED) to establish a $20 million education program for primary school teachers to teach modern child development techniques. In 1979, Lieutenant Colonel Teodoro Obiang, his nephew, overthrew President Nguema through a military coup.  Iradier himself died in despair in 1911, and it would be decades before his achievements would be recognised by Spanish popular opinion when the port of Cogo was renamed Puerto Iradier in his honour. Yet despite its impressive GNI figure, Equatorial Guinea is plagued by extreme poverty because its Gini coefficient of 65.0 is the highest in the entire world.  Nevertheless, the Amnesty International report released in June 2005 The traditional demarcation line between Fang and 'Beach' (inland) ethnic groups was the village of Niefang (limit of the Fang), east of Bata. , The nephew of Macías Nguema, Teodoro Obiang deposed his uncle on 3 August 1979, in a bloody coup d'état; over two weeks of civil war ensued until Nguema was captured. The discovery of large oil reserves in 1996 and its subsequent exploitation contributed to a dramatic increase in government revenue. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. As of February 2016[update], Obiang is Africa's second-longest serving dictator after Cameroon's Paul Biya. The Equatorial Guinea expat guide will help you to settle down in Equatorial Guinea. Spanish is not spoken much in Annobón. Equatorial Guinea at the Olympics.  A freed slave from the West Indies by way of Sierra Leone named William Pratt established the cocoa crop on Fernando Pó, forever altering the destiny of the colony. They formed two bodies: the Movimiento Nacional de Liberación de la Guinea (MONALIGE), and the Idea Popular de Guinea Ecuatorial (IPGE). Equatorial Guinea holds regular elections, but the voting is neither free nor fair. , In 1995 Mobil, an American oil company, discovered oil in Equatorial Guinea. Expatriates mastering this language, as well as French would thus find it easy to adapt to their new environment. Working their own small cocoa farms gave them a considerable degree of autonomy. Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial;[a] French: Guinée équatoriale; Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: República de Guinea Ecuatorial, French: République de Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese: República da Guiné Equatorial),[b] is a country located on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). As of 2015[update], the country had a population of 1,225,367.. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital, Malabo. He called it Formosa ("Beautiful"), but it quickly took on the name of its European discoverer. The majority of the people of Equatorial Guinea are of Bantu origin.  The country also has no documented heritage listed in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO nor any intangible cultural heritage listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.. Surprisingly, in the following cabinet reshuffle it was announced that there would be two vice-presidents in clear violation of the constitution that was just taking effect. All major Christian holidays are recognized as Equatorial Guinea holidays. Equatorial Guinea is a significant oil producer in Africa. Equatorial Guinea's foreign minister described the seizure as a "paltry and unfriendly" act. 1 Trade Shows in Equatorial Guinea; Exhibition Name Cycle Venue Date; SITA - SALON INTERNATIONAL DU TEXTILE AFRICAINSITA, an international exhibition of African textiles, a vast market for the promotion and valorization of African textiles, organizes an international parade of traditional and industrial African clothing in Malabo: once a year: Malabo: Jan. 2021 Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International among other non-governmental organizations have documented severe human rights abuses in prisons, including torture, beatings, unexplained deaths and illegal detention. In June 2016, Equatorial Guinea was chosen to host the 12th African Games in 2019. A transitional agreement, signed in October 1968, implemented a Spanish pre-independence decision to assist Equatorial Guinea and provided for the temporary maintenance of Spanish forces there. Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnamese labourers in Equatorial Guinea must be brought home immediately, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc requested at working session with the national steering committee for COVID-19 prevention and control in Hanoi on July 10. Equatorial Guinea Events of 2016 Despite Equatorial Guinea's oil wealth, it has failed to provide essential services to many of its citizens. The president has denied any wrongdoing. There is also an independent radio called Radio Macuto, the voice of the voiceless. , Equatorial Guinea is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). , Obiang was re-elected to serve an additional term in 2009 in an election the African Union deemed "in line with electoral law".  Human trafficking is a significant problem; the 2012 U.S. The congress constituted the center of integration and the marriage of the Hispanic culture with African cultures. Equatorial Guinea was Spanish Colony until October 12th, 1968 when it gained independence.  At its 10th summit in Dili in July 2014, Equatorial Guinea was admitted as a CPLP member. 150 Spanish whites, including the Governor-General and Vice-Governor-General of Río Muni created a socialist party called the Popular Front in the enclave which served to oppose the interests of the Fernando Pó plantation owners. Macías became president in the country's only free and fair election.  The only telephone provider in Equatorial Guinea is Orange. Country Sector Sovereign / Non-Sovereign Title Commitment in UA Status Signature Date; Multinational : Power : Sovereign : Multinational - Nigeria-Niger-Benin-Burkina Faso Power Interconnection Project Equatorial Guinea at major events. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. , According to a March 2004 BBC profile, politics within the country were dominated by tensions between Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, and other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces. , In February 2012, Equatorial Guinea's foreign minister signed an agreement with the IILP on the promotion of Portuguese in the country. In Río Muni, the average temperature is about 27 °C (81 °F). , Under Francisco Macias, education was neglected, and few children received any type of education. These dialects, while still intelligible, are more distinct. This was an effort by the government to improve its communications, trade, and bilateral relations with Portuguese-speaking countries. According to the Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations (2002) 7% of Bioko islanders were Igbo, an ethnic group from southeastern Nigeria. Despite this, plantations continued to be established by private citizens through the second half of the 19th century. Abolition of the death penalty and the promotion of Portuguese as an official language were preconditions of the approval. Raiola on Paul Pogba. It is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa, and comprises two regions: a Continental Region (Ro Muni); and an Insular Region containing Annobn island, Bioko island (formerly Fernando Po) where the capital of Malabo is situated, and several offshore islands like Corisco. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island which is the only part of the country south of the equator. The authorities in Equatorial Guinea must immediately end a draconian clampdown on freedom of expression taking place ahead of an African Union summit in the capital Malabo on 23 June, Amnesty International said today. , In November 2011, a new constitution was approved. By November the Popular Front and its supporters had been defeated and Equatorial Guinea secured for Franco. Equatorial Guinea’s first decade of freedom was dark because of the incompetent and brutal rule of the president, Macias Nguema. , Between 1926 and 1959 Bioko and Rio Muni were united as the colony of Spanish Guinea. Take a look at our top NYE events below, or click through for a full guide. , Equatorial Guinea is home to gorillas, chimpanzees, various monkeys, leopards, buffalo, antelope, elephants, hippopotamuses, crocodiles, and various snakes, including pythons. Education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 14. Equatorial Guinea won a seat on the Security Council beginning in January 2018. Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad, annual survey of political and civil rights, Movimiento Nacional de Liberación de la Guinea, Movimiento de Unión Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial, 2004 Equatorial Guinea coup d'état attempt, São Tomé, Príncipe, and Annobón moist lowland forests, Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Instituto Internacional da Língua Portuguesa, Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial, 2008 Women's African Football Championship, Index of Equatorial Guinea–related articles, "Equatorial Guinea, member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries", "Acts continue to mark Portuguese Language and Portuguese Culture Day", "Equatorial Guinea Adds Portuguese as the Country's Third Official Language", https://www.britannica.com/place/Equatorial-Guinea/Religion, https://web.archive.org/web/20170420050225/http://www.inege.gq/, "Anuario Estadístico de Guinea Ecuatorial 2018", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", GDP – per capita (PPP) – Country Comparison, "2019 Human Development Index Ranking | Human Development Reports", Worst of the Worst 2010. Malabo II Malabo Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Phone: (240) 333 095741 Website: Malabo Info. Source: Google News. Equatorial Guinea International Restrictions: Equatorial Guinea has reopened its borders to nationals, residents, diplomats and visa holders travelling for business reasons or with government approval. He was tried and executed soon afterward, with Obiang succeeding him as a less bloody, but still authoritarian president. During the colonial period, the nation maintained strong trade ties with Spain, Germany, France, and the UK.  Spanish has been an official language since 1844. Latest news and breaking news from Equatorial Guinea: Ecuatorial Guinea, is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). In the towns he had instead presented himself as the urbane leader who had bested the Spanish at the UN, and he had won in the second round of voting – greatly helped by the vote-splitting of his rivals. Their efforts resulted in a reduction in all-cause under-five mortality from 152 to 55 deaths per 1,000 live births (down 64%), a sharp drop that coincided with the launch of the program. Its oil production has risen to 360,000 barrels per day (57,000 m3/d), up from 220,000 only two years earlier.  There are now 51 model schools whose active pedagogy will be a national reform. The city of Malabo founded by the British in 1827 became the country’s capital in 1969 replacing Bata. Fernando Pó thus continued to suffer from labour shortages. Make your expat project in Equatorial Guinea successful. In between there is gradual transition. Equatorial Guinea is divided into eight provinces. Equatorial Guinea, formerly Spanish Guinea, consists of Río Muni (10,045 sq mi; 26,117 sq km), on the western coast of Africa, and several islands in the Gulf of Guinea, the largest of which is Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) (785 sq mi; 2,033 sq km). The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country in Central Africa.  Interior minister Clemente Engonga refused to authorize the protest on the grounds that it could "destabilize" the country and CPDS decided to go forward, claiming constitutional right. ", "Equatorial Guinea, A trial with too many flaws", "USAID and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea Agree to Unique Partnership for Development", Organizational Reform & Institutional Capacity-Building, Equatorial Guinea | Amnesty International, Equatorial Guinea: Ignorance worth fistfuls of dollars, "Declaración de la Unión Africana, sobre la supervisión de los comicios electorales – Página Oficial de la Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial", "UPDATE 1-Tang renamed as Equatorial Guinea PM | News by Country | Reuters", Ignacio Milam Tang, new Vice President of the Nation, Interview with President Teodoro Obiang of Equatorial Guinea, "Convocatorial de Manifestacion, 25 de Junio 2013", https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/africa/gq-personnel.htm, "El Gobierno inicia sus actividades en Djibloho", "La Presidencia de la República sanciona dos nuevas leyes", "Equatorial Guinea government moves to new city in rainforest", https://www.britannica.com/place/Equatorial-Guinea/Plant-and-animal-life, "U.S. Oil Firms Entwined in Equatorial Guinea Deals", "Inner City Press / Finance Watch: "Follow the Money, Watchdog the Regulators, "OHADA.com: The business law portal in Africa", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Formação de professores e programas televisivos introduzem português na Guiné-Equatorial", Obiang convierte al portugués en tercer idioma oficial para entrar en la Comunidad lusófona de Naciones, Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial, Ministerio de Información, Cultura y Turismo, "El portugués será el tercer idioma oficial de la República de Guinea Ecuatorial", "Portuguese will be the third official language of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea", "S. E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo clausura el Segundo Periodo Ordinario de Sesiones del pleno de la Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo", "Assinado termo de cooperação entre IILP e Guiné Equatorial", "Protocolo de Cooperação entre a Guiné-Equatorial e o IILP", "CPLP vai ajudar Guiné-Equatorial a "assimilar valores, "Nota informativa: Missão da CPLP à Guiné Equatorial", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2017", "Good news in malaria control... Now what? At the same time measures were taken to battle sleeping sickness and leprosy in the enclave, and by 1967 the number of hospital beds per capita in Equatorial Guinea was higher than Spain itself, with 1637 beds in 16 hospitals.  To the local mix were added Cubans, Filipinos, Catalans, Jews and Spaniards of various colours, many of who had deported to Africa for political or other crimes, as well as some settlers backed by the government. The 1982 constitution of Equatorial Guinea gives him extensive powers, including naming and dismissing members of the cabinet, making laws by decree, dissolving the Chamber of Representatives, negotiating and ratifying treaties and serving as commander in chief of the armed forces. It documented strong links with the Portuguese creole populations in São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.. , Since 2005, Military Professional Resources Inc., a US-based international private military company, has worked in Equatorial Guinea to train police forces in appropriate human rights practices. The earliest settlements on Bioko Island are dated to AD 530. Colonial rule: 1472-1968: A large island off the Guinea coast (the site today of Malabo, capital of Equatorial Guinea) becomes known in history as Fernando Po - because it is first reached, in … , Politically, post-war colonial history has three fairly distinct phases: up to 1959, when its status was raised from 'colonial' to 'provincial', following the approach of the Portuguese Empire; between 1960 and 1968, when Madrid attempted a partial decolonisation aimed at keeping the territory as part of the Spanish system; and from 1968 on, after the territory became an independent republic. Despite its name, no part of the country's territory lies on the equator—it is in the northern hemisphere, except for the insular Annobón Province, which is about 155 km (96 mi) south of the equator. There is also the documentary the Writer from a country Without Bookstores, [ 84 ] Equatorial Guinea of! 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