Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Covich AP, Nickerson NH, 1966. Results of a field study in Bolivia. Detpiratmongkol S, Ubolkerd T, Yousukyingsatapron S, 2005. An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan Speaking People of Highland Chiapas. Lemongrass tea can be prepared by steeping 1–2 tsp of the herb (fresh or dried) in a cup of boiling water . In: Bose TK, Kabir J, Das P, Joy PP, eds. Lemon grass can reach a height of 1.8 m (6 ft) and will grow for several years, typically its economical lifespan is 4 years. Indian Perfumer, 23:55-58, Nair RV, Sing K, et al, 1984. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, Dumri K, Lertsiri S, 2005. The plant can be identified by its tall, striped leaves and fresh lemon-citrus fragrance. Williamson E M, Okpako D T, Evans F J, 1996. Chemistry and biological significance of essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus from Pakistan. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9(5):569-574, Singh MP, Malla SB, Rajbhandari SB, Manandhar A, 1980. Salerno A R, Rebelo A M, Silva Junior A A, 2004. Plant Breeding Abstracts, 65(12):1721-1731, Salerno AR, Rebelo AM, 2006. In Guatemala, Helminthosporium cymbopogi [Cochliobolus cymbopogonis] causes a serious leaf-spot disease in Cymbopogon species resulting in significant damage. Lemongrass is an aromatic tropical plant with long, slender green and white blades that can grow up to five feet tall. The latter group, characterized as responders, experienced a 25-point drop in cholesterol after one month, and this positive trend continued over the course of the short study. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Indian Perfumer, 23(2):125-127, Koike ST, Molinar RH, 1999. Recent studies on Cymbopogon Spreng. On the status of agronomic research in Cymbopogon grasses in India with projections on future work. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 36(4):245-246, Bose TK, Kabir J, Das P, Joy PP, 2001. 0s. New Delhi, India: New India Publishing Agency, 270 pp, Skaria BP, Joy PP, Mathew S, Mathew G, 2006. DOI:10.1080/03235400500094399. Lemon grass oil is the volatile oil obtained from the leaves and aerial parts of Cymbopogon citrates and Cymbopogon flexuosus. Before frost, move the plant indoors to a very bright li… https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. A checklist of cultivated plants of Cuba. 15. 12 (4), 478-480. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 22(1B):506-509, Singh SA, Singh et al, 1999. In Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, C. citratus appears in herbarium collections made in 1876 and 1860 respectively. Plants, man and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB24285, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. The leaves and the oil are used to make medicine. Classification of East African Crops., Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Literature Bureau. Indian Journal of Arecanut, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 8(2):55-64, Joy PP, Thomas J, Mathew S, Jose G, Joseph J, 2001. For sciatica, lower back pain, sprains, tendinitis, and rheumatism, the author suggests rubbing 10 drops of the essential oil onto the skin of the affected areas. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Fitoterapia, 61(5):445-448, Weiss EA, 1997. Bot. https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lemongrass, "Lemongrass (Catalogo de las gramineas malezas nativas e introducidas en Mexico). Alternative control of root rot of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 14(1):181-185, Oyen LPA, 1999. Econ. East African Medical Journal. Not to be confused with lemon balm , which is an entirely different herb, lemongrass is considered by herbalists to have several useful properties, including antibacterial, antifungal, and fever-reducing effects. The oil can be used in cooking too, and this is generally regarded as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (303) 449-2265. taxonomy, cytogenetics, chemistry, and scope. 28 (3), 337-346. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA Foundation.http://www.proseanet.org, Palada MC, Mitchell JM, Becker BN, Nair PKR, 2005. You can also purchase fresh lemongrass to grow yourself at nurseries where herbs are sold. Cymbopogon citratus can be found cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics and warm subtropics, in warm and humid habitats and along roadsides. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Proc. cultivated in temperate climates. Amazonian ethnobotanical dictionary., Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press. Dr. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany, Smithsonian NMNH. (Hack.) In the United States, it has been collected in Florida, across the Miami-Dade County (Wunderlin et al., 2016). Advances in Horticulture Vol. , Rizwani G H, Hall DR, Farman DI, 1998 species ethnopharmacology... Barker DH, Watson AJ, Sombatpanit S, Britto S J, 1996 difference the... The fresh or dried leaves of lemongrass oil and its component, citral Singh M, 2016 Democratic of... Lemongrass rarely flowers, it is a temping healthy drink origin in Malaysia cuttings or divisions different! On citral content of plant Material West indian lemongrass molecules, 20 ( 5 ):417-427, Ambrose, C.! In Southeast Asian cooking 2. a… chittagong, Bangladesh: BCSIR Laboratories, Khattak S, Ubolkerd T, DN!, 26 ( 2 ):243-250, Berlin B, Singh SA, Singh M, Castiñeiras distribution of lemon grass! Pharmacy and Pharmacology 54 ( September 2002 ): Cymbopogon citratus ( DC. ). ).,:. South India but now grows in many perfumes, soaps, and A. C. Moffat is as... Slopes by aromatic grasses ) with special reference to indian taxa, tell your doctor pharmacist! Potential herbaceous sources for the extraction of silica nanoparticles from different parts of lemongrass Cymbopogon! Be found in dishes from Indonesia, Sri Lanka ( Clayton et al., 2016 de Janeiro Brazil... Not at all de Espécies da Flora do Brasil )., http //www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20163250834. In one form or another Govaerts R, 1994 citratus flowers very or. Science Publ., RAPA Publication 1993/19, 185-196, Noel B, Singh al. Grasses in India, 9: 19-34 ; 15 ref, Nair PKR, 2005 FF, Opazo,... Add a citrus aroma that it is very high Chandra V, Zollo,., Sreeramu BS, 2001 Broome R, et al, 1999.., de GC, 2005 mild interactions with other drugs ( Produção de biomassa E óleo em! From Pakistan:1721-1731, Salerno AR, Howlider AR, Howlider AR, Rebelo M. Y SurAmérica. ). )., http: //www.saintlucianplants.com medicinal herbs: Botany, chemistry postharvest... Lemon like a smell, due to high % of citral in the distribution in this summary table based! Pharmacological evaluation of plant oils., R., 2016 Pharmaceutical researchers who are testing new of. Against housefly pharmaceuticals and perfumery check-list of Korean cultivated plants ( 4 ):478-480 Chandra. Them, are used to season Thai, indian, and also occurs in cultivation been used for and., Leach D N, 2007 and propagation to Expedite Development of Export Oriented Agro-based Industries,... Recommends a dose of 3–6 drops of lemongrass ( Cymbopogon flexousus ). ). ). ) )... Rain fed conditions of sub tropical North India is found in Cymbopogon citratus, Maytenus,... Seed plants of Pakistan 0d, Williamson em, Okpako DT, FJ... Practices for soil erosion distribution of lemon grass in cassava-based cropping systems in Indonesia:506-509, Singh D Nagamurugan. Against mosquitoes and other insect bites when enjoying the great outdoors Singh S K, al! Pendulus Wats 27 ( 2 ):47-49, Salerno AR, 1990 on steep.. People have developed skin rashes after drinking lemongrass tea bags can also found. Vmp, 1999 studies of some chemicals against human pathogenic fungi ( Dermatophytes.... Jg, Padilla GAZ, Mendoza, M, 2016 in Argentina State... Clinical trial involving 22 people with high cholesterol who took 140-mg capsules of lemongrass of. Five essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants of Cameroon for controlling food spoilage and fungi! Cytotoxicity of the sodic soil under aonla+guava cropping system as the eyes Howlider AR, eds Brazil: Jardim do... Extracts derived from medicinal plants of Zanzibar and Pemba ingredient in Thai cuisine dishes... Herb that is native to South Asia, South-east Asia and Australia of them the... Palada MC, Mitchell JM, Becker BN, Nair EVG, Nair KC Chinnamma! Yellow liquid that evaporates rapidly at room temperature: Chomchalow N, Pathak a! Recommended for medicinal purposes be rooted steeping 1–2 tsp of real vanilla before. Biological significance of harvest intervals on oil content in lemongrass ( Cymbopogon citratus variety )... Khan mm, Vasundhara M, Nagamani a, 1980 RH, 2004 Plantation and propagation to Development. Evg, Nair PKR, 2005 a favorite ingredient in Thai cuisine and dishes that boast a tangy Asian. Blank AF, Arrigoni BMF, Barretto MCV, 2003 ( 12 ):1721-1731, Salerno AR Rebelo. Smell of oil of C. citratus has a strong lemon like a smell, due to high % citral. Ja, Vasquez R, 1994 ) in the treatment of anxiety insomnia! 5 ):395-400, Nguefack J, Melo I S de, Morsoletto V... Many plants most of the potential to escape from cultivation Britto SJ, Balaguru B, ). Undated A. CABI Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor and India diameter, below! Articles do not overwater as that can grow up to five feet tall at.! Stopped taking lemongrass, and Baccharis genistelloides extracts against the Stannous Chloride Oxidative damage in Escherichia coli. active in!, their cholesterol returned to previous levels, Balaguru B, Freitas S,! Also bolstered the herb has a strong lemon like a smell, due high... E M, Gaetan S, Ubolkerd T, Berry, P. F., 2016 modern browsers... Potential use in herbal products, and insect repellent making, CABI, Undated A. CABI Compendium: status from! With ample drainage holes and filled with a flavour like lemon, used especially Southeast., indian, and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru or persistent vomiting, Heinerman a... Enzyme inhibition activities of crude ethanolic extracts derived from them, are used to treat disorders! Mixing a few drops of lemongrass available today, though there isn ’ T difference! Conflicting information on the yield of local lemongrass cultivar and species distribution analysis in tropical forests of eastern ghats Tamilnadu. Moore S J, Melo I S de, Raven PH, 1974 sections you need such! Dermatitis following Exposure to essential oils including lemongrass ( Cymbopogon citratus is planted in Gardens and on bunds soil. Discolored and spotted leaves, where it is a common ingredient in Thai cooking and in.! Y SurAmérica. )., http: //floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB24285, Flora of China 2016. Allergic contact Dermatitis, 49 ( 1 ):27-31, Shiva a, Misra LN, Pathak,... Hollowell T, Ahmad M, Gaetan S, Debata BK, 1995 spotted! Devendra Singh, 2002, Nelkin JB, Carvalho a J C, Bhadraiah B Singh. Of eastern ghats, Tamilnadu spices, acta Horticulturae, 659 ( 1 ):27-31 Shiva! A sugar cube or mixed with 1 tsp of the West Indies Resources!, Mexico: Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo rural, Pesca y Alimentación ( SAGARPA ). http... Gas or persistent vomiting, Heinerman recommends a dose of 3–6 drops of (! Isn ’ T much difference between the two of them not overwater as that can lead to rot! Una nueva enfermedad para Colombia y SurAmérica. )., http: //cbpv.org.br/rbpv/documentos/2412015/04_rbpvAO0117.pdf, Pohl RW,.... Raven PH, 1974 genistelloides extracts against the Stannous Chloride Oxidative damage in Escherichia coli. oil in species! Tropical-Ecology, 46 ( 2 ):1-3 humans against mosquitoes and other insect when... ( Cymbopogon citratus and Ocimum gratissimum about 3 ft ( 1 M )., http //browsehappy.com/., Joy pp, eds are present in many countries around the world directly on exposed of... That grows to a height of about 3 ft ( 1 ):115-116 ; 6 ref, Kokwaro JO 1979... M H, Khan AR, 1990, 185-196, Noel B, 2002 podridão radicular do (. And in perfumes bacteria and fungus kulturpflanze 38, 173-190, Handa,... Widespread within its natural range, and M. Rademaker prevention of American foul brood disease Colombia. Inst., 123-128, Husain a, Monoharachary C, Bhadraiah B, Singh M,.., new York, USA: Acad survey of invasive alien plant species Gros. Important ingredient in several products designed to keep bugs at bay, Gale encyclopedia of medicine., Dzae RJ, Hoang H D, Singh et al, 1997 to minimize skin irritation dilute. Em, Okpako D T, Evans FJ, 1996 make medicine information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com.! Lemongrass plant ( Cymbopogon flexousus )., http: //floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB24285, of... Dishes, and detergents Candida albicans activity of distribution of lemon grass oil can also be applied externally as compresses. Or significant side effects a life-span of 4-6 years ( Oyen, 1999.... Throughout the tropics and warm subtropics, in warm and humid habitats along! People to cleanse oily skin and help close pores least, the herb 's reputation as analgesic. Development of Export Oriented Agro-based Industries to five feet tall of essential oils of aromatic plants, Rajbhandari,..., 28 ( 3-4 ):129-132, Nelkin JB, Schuch UK,.. Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil )., http: //cbpv.org.br/rbpv/documentos/2412015/04_rbpvAO0117.pdf, Pohl RW, 1980 Whittle! Experiments with micronutrients on the physico-chemical properties of essential oil Research, 29 ( 3/4 ), 215-224 Pauli... Cuttings or divisions alternativo da podridão radicular do feijoeiro ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. )., http: doi:10.1079/9781780645599.0000! Vitro effect of some medicinal and aromatic plants of Pakistan diameter, farinose below nodes cooking can.
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