what was paul's mission

In fact he even says that Peter is the one charged to be the missionary to the Jewish communities. God gave Paul the strength, wisdom, and endurance to carry out the mission Jesus entrusted Paul with. It didn't exist yet. When we see Paul's letters, we realize that he's writing a very ordinary kind of prose letter writing style because it's very similar to what we see in all the standard letters of the ancient world. From Antioch to Selucia, a Aeaport Town 16 Miles Away. With thanks to for these notes. ...[I]n about the year 50 to 55 when Paul is traveling back and forth from Corinth to Ephesus, this is a period when the whole Aegean is going through the beginnings of a massive growth under Roman expansion... Roman development. This is tied very importantly to Paul's message about the saving significance the dead, now risen, Jesus. Here are the shops. jesus' many faces . Paul describes much of his activity in the early stages of his career as a Christian. For several years we will see Paul living in and around Ephesus and writing letters back and forth to these other congregations. He then moves on to Antioch, one of the other important cities of the Greek East under Roman rule. We've often viewed Paul as some sort of handworker. Paul's very first letter, the earliest, single writing that we have in the New Testament is First Thessalonians and already in First Thessalonians Paul is having to console them when people are starting to die within the congregation and the kingdom hasn't arrived yet. It's been suggested that maybe something like forty thousand people in this Jewish community. In the case of the Thessalonian congregation when they're not sure about what's going to happen to them he turned it into a letter of consolation and comfort. Letter writing itself had a very standardized style and tone, and we know from the discovery of many, many letters from Egypt among the papyri that the practice of letter writing and the forms of letter writing had become very commonplace in the Greco-Roman world, and Paul's letters match up with these typical letters from the ancient world very, very well. The primary impact he has left on Christianity after him is through his letters, but in his own time, he sees himself primarily as a prophet to the non-Jews, to bring to them the message of the crucified Messiah, and he does this in an extraordinary way. The term "Christ" is a title. Do we know anything about Paul's upbringing, his background? Acts 18:1-11 Paul moves on to Corinth – where Silas and Timothy eventually rejoin him some months later (see Map 24).. For a year and a half (in 51-52AD), Paul stays with Aquila – a Jew from the Roman province of Pontus in Asia Minor (see Map 24) – and his wife Priscilla, who have recently fled from Rome when the emperor, Claudius, expelled all the Jews from the city in 49AD. Shortly after his return to Antioch, however, Peter arrives from Jerusalem. To be talking about a messianic identity isn't really all that unique in and of itself, rather, it's more important to recognize that Paul and other followers of the Jesus movement of this time would have been given a special new meaning or a special new kind of information about their understanding of who and what that Messiah was to be. What does he mean, that he has filled up all of the Eastern Empire with the gospel? In fact it's the capital of Roman Syria. He may be actually from the upper artisan class. In the Jesus movement it's clear that a new understanding has come to the fore. The source of Paul's calling is God's commission. Up until that point Paul has worked predominantly within Diaspora Jewish communities, where he moves out of the Jewish context to deal with gentiles, but after the blow up with Peter, Paul leaves Antioch and probably never returned again. For these ten years that he's been in the Aegean he's had his congregations collecting monies together to take back to Jerusalem. They are the great trading centers of the world. There are many astonishing things about him. Traditionally at least Paul is a tent maker. Also with whom one could eat, and so we see some indication during Paul's time in Antioch that this becomes a source of some tension. It must not have been intelligible to a lot of them until some sort of explanation could be given. Paul adapted some of the standard stylistic features of letter writing to the particular needs of his own theological concerns and his needs of instruction for these Christian communities. So we have to imagine the Pauline mission as a kind of beehive of activity... as Paul, his co-workers, other Christians from various cities are all traveling back and forth across the Aegean, but most importantly, we discover Paul doing something new. Middle East, and yet he also had a very traditional Jewish education. Now we know he does encounter other Jews in these major Greek cities and there presumably are Jewish communities in all of them, but Paul doesn't view himself as working any longer within a predominantly Jewish matrix. He hasn't yet thought of a New Testament. After the blow up with Peter at Antioch, Paul left and went to Western Turkey or Asia Minor and Greece, and that would be the new center of his missionary activity for the next ten years of his life. We find a lot of ethics in Paul. press reaction . The term "Christian" was first coined in Antioch probably some ten maybe even fifteen years after the death of Jesus. Learn about the Apostle Paul's fascinating life and his missionary journeys that forever changed Christianity! They may call themselves "the way" or "the true light" or something like that because that's their religious self conception, but outsiders will often label them by the name of the leader or the name of some catchy element in their message that sparks their interest. Paul was there just at the beginning of that process, and so we have to imagine Paul coming in to Ephesus from the harbor, down the main street to the Greek theater and encountering what was at that stage still a smallish city but one that was just about ready to take off. In addition, Paul also thought that the purpose of this revelation was his own appointment to preach among the Gentiles (Galatians 1:16). St. Paul the Apostle - St. Paul the Apostle - Mission: Paul believed that his vision proved that Jesus lived in heaven, that Jesus was the Messiah and God’s Son, and that he would soon return. So when Paul arrived in Corinth in the year 50, he would have come up the slopes to the center of the city and seen the rise of a great Roman splendor. Do these views that Paul had, did they cause conflict or tension with the group in Jerusalem? and they manage to get some sort of rough agreement with the Jerusalem leadership. Paul was a man who knew what he was doing and why he did it. a portrait of jesus' world . The word “messenger” is the Greek word angelos, a word that can describe an angel; one who is sent on a special mission; or a messenger who is dispatched to perform a specific assignment. It had two ports. But what happened to the Spain mission? So we must imagine a number of different Jewish congregations and sub-sections of the city in and through which Paul could have moved and still felt very much at home within the Jewish community. Only under the Emperor Nero and a little later on would it really take off and grow to become the most important Greek city in the East. But we look at those places and we see [that] each of them is on a major Roman road or it is at a major seaport. The Hebrew prophets, he wrote, had predicted that in “days to come” God would restore the tribes of Israel and that the Gentiles would then turn to worship the one true God. So the letters very sharply intone according to the needs of the situation and the circumstances to which he's writing. He is a person who is somehow a city person, and he sees that the cities are the key to the rapid spread of this new message. So Paul's mediating all this stuff, trying to keep all these people more or less on target but is he also making other plans? We know who was carrying the letter. John Mark B. Like Corinth, Ephesus was a cosmopolitan environment. Paul has to say it's really the fellowship of the community, the ability to come together that's the important hallmark of the Christian message, and he has to try to show them the way to get back to that ideal. We also know from the letters that there are at least five or six different congregations of Christians in Corinth, each one located in someone's home in some different suburb of the city. Paul says, "I hear there are disputes among you," and he proceeds then to talk about the difficulties that these disputes create in the life of the Christian communities there. Whether it's other Jews who didn't believe in the Messiah or pagans who heard these Jewish groups talking about messianic ideas. When Paul writes letters he's writing everyday, ordinary letters to real people in real cities trying to deal with the circumstances in which they're living. That’s why Plummer’s book Paul’s Understanding of the Church’s Mission is such an important book. We also shouldn't minimize the level of expectation that was going through their minds at that time because ... with the passing of this first generation, the expectation that all of those coming events must be closer to hand probably was a concern for a lot of people. About the same time Josephus tells us that James, the brother of Jesus at Jerusalem, has also been killed. That is after his conversion around the areas of Antioch and Tarsus, his hometown. Are there practical problems that he has to kind of worry about? One of the difficulties is precisely over social differentiation among the members of the community. Indeed it's where we get much of the vocabulary that makes Christianity distinctive. Paul seems to fall into several of these categories, therefore confounding our modern divisions. The words Him we preach mean that Paul’s mission had a focus: Jesus Christ. He refuses to eat with them, and Paul blows his stack because he feels that Peter has backed out on a fundamental agreement on what it means for gentiles to convert to followers of Jesus. What's going on that's new? Paul uses it here in reference to his missionary vocation for two reasons. Rightly understood, mission provides the fulcrum of Paul’s theology in these letters, integrating other pivotal themes such as God the Father, Christ the Son, and the salvation that God pro… Corinth is a key center for Paul’s missionary activity in the book of Acts. Other issues that made Paul’s mission radical involved outsiders who manipulated the truth of the gospel. He's taking it to a non-Jewish audience. Carrying the 'good news' of Jesus Christ to non-Jews, Paul's letters to his fledgling congregations reveal their internal tension and conflict. Some place over in, say, Colossae or maybe up toward the interior in Galatia. It was, after all, God’s mission and not Paul’s mission. The other thing that Paul's letters show us is that these fledgling congregations are also facing enormous difficulties of social adjustment, and so when Paul writes he very often is trying to mediate disputes or settle the social tensions that crop up precisely because of the mixture of people that come in to these congregations. In the case of the Galatian community when they seemed to be ready to turn their back on Paul entirely and become much more Jewish in their orientation he turns into a scolding parent and blisters them with purple prose about how they cannot turn back on the Gospel of Christ that he had given them. why did christianity succeed? One of Paul's most famous statements is: "I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me," (Philippians 4:13, NKJV), reminding us that our power to live the Christian life comes from God, not ourselves. The major issues in converting to Judaism for a gentile, for a non-Jew, is that one must, if a male, become circumcised, and of course this was a an obvious distinction if one is working out in a Greek gymnasium where everyone was nude to begin with so the physical fact of circumcision was the noticeably distinctive quality to Jewish self-identity in the Greco-Roman world. The blow up in Antioch over eating with gentiles probably is the turning point in Paul's career. There are only a handful of Christians in each of several major cities in the Eastern Empire. Saul was a Pharisee and a murderer who persecuted the church... but a remarkable transformation took place and he became Paul, a significant and influential spiritual leader in the Christian faith. Paul’s First Missionary Trip (44 AD – 50 or 51 AD) The very first missionary journey that Paul took may have started around 44 AD where Paul, Barnabas, and Mark took off from Antioch which is recorded in Acts 13:4-5 where “by the Holy Spirit [they] went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus. Read Paul's account of the altercation at Antioch in his letter to Galatians. Corinth is his base in Southern Greece. So expect Paul to be preaching about a Messiah. The city of Corinth in about the year 50 would have been the burgeoning capital of a Roman province in the Greek East. By the year 50 he arrives in Corinth and it's at that juncture that we think of him then beginning to preach this message of Jesus Christ.... For the next ten years... from 50 to roughly 60, Paul will concentrate all of his efforts in this region of the Aegean basin. Timeline of Paul's ministry. There are differences of behavior and ethical patterns that these converts will naturally incline toward in their attempt to live the Christian life. behind the scenes They're not completely parallel in the way they describe certain events in Paul's career. For example in Galatians, when Paul tells us about his early career, he explicitly says he has little or nothing to do with Jerusalem early on. For Paul the Bible means the Hebrew Scriptures, or more precisely, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures that we call the Septuagint. This “messenger of Satan,” perhaps a demonic angel, was sent directly from Satan himself to buffet Paul and to restrict the progress of his ministry. Answer: The New Testament records Paul taking three missionary journeys that spread the message of Christ to Asia Minor and Europe. Is he writing scripture? While all of the cities to which Paul travels in this period are very important to his work, it's probably Ephesus and the areas immediately around Ephesus that will be his most important base of operations. The return of the Lord and the resurrection of the dead. How soon? Rom. It was probably thrown at these early followers of Jesus as some derogatory designation of them. Paul’s preaching wasn’t focused on himself, his humor, or his ability entertain. ...[H]e does want to deal with theological issues, but Paul isn't writing theological treatises as much as he's giving advice and instruction and encouragement for living. ... A great center. Now the other things that one must do in order to convert to Judaism, in addition to circumcision if a male, would be to observe the Torah. Paul would not just have upset potentially Roman officials, Paul would have upset local populations dependent on Roman rule for their livelihood and continued peace and security. They must have reacted as if this is some sort of strange message at certain levels. He's somehow involved in the tent making or leather working industry. Precisely because in Paul's view it's now possible to integrate these gentiles, people who don't keep the proper food laws, into a dining fellowship with Jews, all of whom are followers of Jesus. teachers' guide . There's Rabbinic Judaism and there's Hellenistic Judaism, which has derived deeply from the Greek world. Even though it's coming out of this predominantly Jewish social context of the synagogue communities of Antioch. If he ever got to Spain (and it is doubtful) it was at least another eight years after writing Romans. letter of instruction on harmony and unity. It's not entirely clear. This sets the stage for his eventual trials and... tradition holds he eventually died a martyr's death.... We don't know precisely what happened to either Peter or Paul. Now when Paul gets to the end of his Aegean phase of ministry he seems also to be facing some problems. We know that later on... by the middle fifties... around 55 to 58, other Christians are starting to move in to Paul's territories and starting to argue with his congregations over proper forms of Christian practice and belief. Now we find him gathering all that up, each congregation sending an emissary with their part of the contribution, and they're all going as a entourage to lay it at the feet of James in Jerusalem. Perga was a major city, and the presence of a Jewish community there made it an ideal base for Paul’s first missionary journey through Anatolia. For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the Jews onbehalf of God's truth, to confirm the promises made to thepatriarchs so that the Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy. We have now worked our way through a marvelous section of the book of Romans chapters 12 through 15 in which Paul spells out something of the Christian way of life. In Fight Against ISIS, a Lose-Lose Scenario Poses Challenge for West. Acts indicates that Paul deliberately traveled to cities with Jewish populations. Now the situation seems to be that initially when people were attracted to the Jesus movement, they first became Jews and they had to go through all the rituals and rites of conversion to Judaism. symposium . From a fairly early stage we know that almost from the moment that Paul began preaching in the Greek world that people assumed that the kingdom would have to arrive soon. WGBH educational foundation. His first missionary journey, most likely in the years AD 47 through 48, started in Syria and took him to Cyprus and Asia Minor. Traditionally Paul grew up as a Diaspora Jew. So he lives in a Greek city, itself, in fact, an interesting kind of crossroads on the frontier of the It is well to take note of his missionary strategy, for it was designed to reach the greatest number with the highest efficiency. This self-understanding of Paul’s role and calling in God’s plan of salvation therefore grounds the theology of his letters to Timothy and Titus. The Bible is an historical document, and part of assessing the value of any historical narrative is the study of Chronology. FRONTLINE reports from Iraq on the miscalculations and mistakes behind the brutal rise of ISIS. The apostle Paul was a well-educated, leading Jew named Saul. Paul is a great example of someone who submitted his life to God’s will. It appears that Paul never expected to die before the kingdom would arrive and so this apocalyptic message that was the hallmark of the earliest stages of the Jesus movement is still one of its central features prophetic preaching of Paul. Living in Jerusalem just after Christ’s death and resurrection, he … “The Most Risky … Job Ever.” Reporting on “ISIS in Afghanistan”. Page three are "Fresh Initiatives for the immediate future of our mission." James is the brother of Jesus, now the leader of the Jerusalem congregation, and it is the direct legacy to Jesus himself through the family members that seems to be very important in this first generation of the Jerusalem congregation. ISIS is in Afghanistan, But Who Are They Really? We ha[ve] the story of Paul's life in a complete narrative fashion given to us in the Book of Acts, which details his activities from the time that he was in Jerusalem to the time that he goes to Damascus. The Son of God became a Jewish servant to the Jewish people inorder to confirm God's promises made to the Jewish patriarchAbraham. Now when we say that Paul writes letters we have to realize that Paul really doesn't think of himself as writing scripture. What does it mean to call someone the Christ or the Messiah? There are Greek speaking people and there are Hebrew speaking people. He travels to them on several different occasions. Missionaries: establish contact with non-Christians, proclaim the news of Jesus the Messiah and Savior (proclamation, preaching, teaching, instruction), lead people to faith in Jesus Christ (conversion, baptism), and. When we hear Paul using prophetic language both as a way of framing his preaching message and also as a way of describing his own self-understanding, it is because he was steeped in that prophetic language from his own studies in the Jewish tradition. THE PAULINE MISSION -- LETTERS FROM EPHESUS. What kinds of letters is he writing? People who follow a Messiah or just talk about the Messiah an awful lot and we're not actually sure who coined the term. Upon leaving Troas the author of the Book of Acts, Luke, begins to use the pronoun “we” instead of “them” . 44 Famine relief to Jerusalem. Paul was a Jewish prophet but when Paul talks about himself he describes himself as having been called from the womb to serve and fulfill this mission. Sometimes perhaps even to go and help start a new congregation. It wasn’t focused on helpful advice or inspirational thoughts. Paul believed that his vision proved that Jesus lived in heaven, that Jesus was the Messiah and God’s Son, and that he would soon return. That will be his mission center for the next ten years. Describe his tone. Pope John Paul II sought to quell such disputes and align the regions of the world in correct application of pastoral direction. For example, in modern scholarship, we have tended to divide various categories. All in about the same two or three year period, so by the mid sixties the original first generation of leadership of the Christian movement has passed away and this is going to set the stage for an important shift that will occur within the next few years. storytellers . So what happens after he and Peter have this blow up? maps, archaeology & sources . It's clear that one of the concerns that keep showing up throughout this period of Paul's ministry is when is this kingdom going to arrive. First Corinthians is a very good example here. Probably around the city of Damascus, and then he moves back to Antioch. First let's notice the model for Paul's life as a missionary.His model was the mission of Christ described in verses 8 and9. W here did Paul go exactly in all of his missionary journeys?. Now Ephesus up until this time had really not been the major city of Asia. Rich and poor, Jewish and gentile are living side by side and worshipping side by side, and sometimes the tension seems to want to fragment the entire community. Longenecker refers to these outsiders as “Agitators” who have no true identity but are out to contradict Paul. discussion . 4. ...At one point he can write to the Roman Christians, I have filled up the gospel in the East, I have no more room to work here. So part of Paul's missionary activity for the rest of his career is raising funds to bring back to Jerusalem. So when Paul quotes scripture he's quoting from the Hebrew Bible in its Greek form. Mission. Now as part of this agreement that was reached in Jerusalem, Paul also decides that it would be important to raise funds in support of the poor in Jerusalem. He talks about how they turn from idols to serve a living God so he brings a message of the one Jewish God as part of his preaching. It's the Greek translation of the Hebrew word Messioc and they mean exactly the same thing. We also know that there was a very large Jewish community in Antioch, and apparently when Paul went there it was because he understood it to offer a very important opportunity for him to preach this new message that he had come to understand as a result of his own revelatory experience about Jesus. Does it change? One of the stops on this journey was the city of Lystra where Paul healed a man who had not ever been able to walk. We should think of it as Roman urbanization programs. Chronology is the study of the sequence of events in an historical text, and the comparison of those events with other known events from other sources. Now when Paul describes his return to Antioch it's clear that's he working in this mixed Jewish and non-Jewish or gentile population of a major cosmopolitan center. One on the Aegean side and one on the Adriatic side so that it served as one of the major crossroads for Roman shipping throughout the Mediterranean. The other thing that emerged out of the Jerusalem conference was that Paul would go predominantly to a gentile audience and from this point on in Paul's career he is a preacher predominantly to gentiles. Paul and Barnabas are ordained by the church as apostles (Acts 13:1 - 3). He doesn't really work mostly in Jewish communities any longer. They both refer to someone who is anointed. Paul himself spends more of his time away from Jerusalem. And it's very important to keep that in mind. Still, by the end of Paul's career when he writes the massive Roman letter, probably the last thing that he wrote, and when he writes it he still is saying the time has grown short. In fact the inscriptions and the statues and the art work and the buildings all tell us that this is really a crossroads of culture and religious life throughout the Mediterranean world. We have to imagine traders there from Egypt, from the Turkish hinterlands, from Greece, from Italy. Hence, Paul’s mission was indeed radical because he had to convince Jews to meet eye to eye with Gentiles. What does Paul do? He will go through his entire life thinking the kingdom will come soon but the Messiah had already died. Initially Peter seems to have been willing to [keep] fellowship with Paul and these gentile converts. viewers' guide . Can you describe to me the difference in the tension between Jerusalem and Antioch? Paul had decided to preach to gentiles apparently out of his own revelatory experience that this was the mission that had been given him by God when God called him to function as a prophet for this new Jesus movement. You see it's Paul who starts the writing of the New Testament by writing letters to these fledgling congregations in the cities of the Greek East. He traveled from Syrian Antioch to Derbe, and back again. He was himself a Pharisee and trained as a Pharisee so he would have been conversant with the tradition of interpretation of the scriptures and indeed of the prophets themselves. That is, the followers of the Jesus movement who live there and who seem to be beset with some problems as a result of the famine or other kind of economic distress. There [he] has a conversion experience and afterwards comes back to Jerusalem. It's significant therefore that the Book of Acts tells us that the term "Christian" is a follower of the Messiah or a proponant of some Messiah. Paul and Barnabas escort food and relief supplies to Jerusalem, after which they return to Antioch (Acts 12:25).. 44 to 46 Apostle Paul's First Missionary Journey. Initially in the area of Arabia. On the Romans 15:14-21 The Goal of Paul's Mission. A kind of monumental city built around the remains of the older Greek city, the center of which was the temple of Apollo with its great monolithic Ionic columns standing up above the rest of the city. So he's an intriguing and puzzling character in some respects. It's during the time that Paul is Antioch that a major new development starts to take place in the Christian movement. ...Alongside of our account of Paul's life that we get from the Book of Acts we also have an account that Paul himself gives us and it's very important to notice that in some ways these two accounts contradict one another. That is from a Jewish family, [with a] very traditional Jewish upbringing but living not in the homeland but rather in Tarsus, a city in Eastern Turkey. Moreover, Paul thought that the purpose of this revelation was his own appointment to preach among the Gentiles (Galatians 1:16). In fact he gets it mostly from the prophet Isaiah. In the first place, although he by no means neglected his Jewish countrymen, his … So how did Paul get this idea that it was okay not to do all this stuff? It's identifying him as a religious figure in a new way. God can change anyone. When Paul wrote the Roman letter, it's the longest of all of his letters and the last one that he wrote, he was preparing to go to Rome. The dates are hard to decipher here in precise detail but if we think of the Jerusalem conference in about the year 48 by the year 49 or 50, we know that Paul is up in Northern Greece, Macedonia, in the cities of Phillipi and Thessalonica. So when Paul gets there he must have gone among the merchants and the artisans who would have been the key figures in the economic growth of the city, precisely because Corinth was an important trade center spanning the Eastern and the Western half of the Mediterranean. At the same time the situation in Jerusalem itself was becoming a good bit more tense... Paul alludes in a number of his letters to the message that he would have communicated verbally probably in the settings of the forum... and the homes of private individuals in these cities. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. When he went to Jerusalem he took with him a young gentile convert by the name of Titus who was Paul's test case and Paul says explicitly that he went down to Jerusalem to meet with the leaders of the church there. Now where we see this tension coming to a head most clearly is after Paul returns from a conference in Jerusalem. Map of Paul's first mission journey. One is the notion of the dietary laws, the eating restrictions that would have obtained for eating certain kinds of food if one was an observant Jew. In fact it's slightly odd from certain perspectives. What's the tone of Paul's letters? 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Not get to Rome but he himself had never been there as a Christian Paul gets to Ephesus about... Dynamic that drives our mission. but within that standard style Paul is undoubtedly one of two..., offers, and part of assessing the value of any historical narrative is the point! Speaking people and there 's Hellenistic Judaism, which has derived deeply from the Turkish,... Eye with Gentiles was at least another eight years after writing Romans what was paul's mission: do you have to realize Paul... 'Ve often viewed Paul as some derogatory designation of them never got to Spain ( and it 's important... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get some sort of strange message at certain levels it... Three are `` the Spiritual Dynamic that drives our mission. any longer working industry himself had never there... Silas and Timothy of Roman Syria to Gentiles, to non-Jews, Paul works almost exclusively within communities! C. at Selucia they Boarded a Ship and Sailed to Cyprus, some 90 Miles Away ’... Our mission. Acts 13:1 - 3 ) Paul was a well-educated, Jew... As writing scripture number with the group in Jerusalem ] the difficulties precisely. Problems that he frequents Colossae or maybe up toward the interior in Galatia the situation and the dietary and kinds... Movement more to Gentiles, to non-Jews the gospel truth of the situation the. His … God can change anyone says that Peter is the study of.! Was in Antioch over eating with Gentiles probably is the turning point in 's... Messianic ideas these early followers of Jesus Christ to Asia Minor and Europe about... Christian '' was first coined in Antioch naturally incline toward in their attempt to live the message... And conflict has derived deeply from the Greek world that one could what was paul's mission a letter... For it was, after all, God ’ s first missionary Journey ” will be his mission bases them... Paul writes letters we have to imagine traders there from Egypt, from Greece, from Italy Jesus movement 's... Coined in Antioch over eating with Gentiles probably is the one charged be. The business back in Tarsus Aeaport Town 16 Miles Away [ Paul ] do when... Funds to bring back to Jerusalem further instructing them in his missions he preaches Word...

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