The World Atlas of Coral Reefs reported that 97 percent of reefs in the country are under threat from destructive fishing techniques, including cyanide poisoning, over-fishing, or from deforestation and urbanization that result in harmful sediment spilling into the sea. Most of the natural habitat on islands and in areas of high human population density has already been destroyed. Perhaps even more worrying is the fact that this happens both within legal bounds as well as beyond them. The destruction of rain forest habitat may have doomed these birds, just as it has caused Cebu City, the second largest city in the Philippines, to ration water and to suffer increasingly from saltwater contamination of wells because of the vast decline in … Unfortunately, it is also the 18th most endangered biodiversity hotspot.Human activities such as mining, logging, increasing urbanization and development and agricultural practices, is responsible for large-scale habitat destruction, the exploitation of natural resources and wildlife, pollution and climate change. All across India, hundreds of projects are being cleared every year in and around protected areas for mining, dams, hydroelectric projects, highways, engineering colleges, ashrams and a plethora of other purposes. Philippine Biodiversity: Principles and Practice. Recent estimates put the forest cover at around 5.4 million hectares. Poorly controlled logging and mining activities have created mostly irreparable damage to forest cover, affecting the diverse assemblages of flora and fauna that inhabit those primary forest territories. il y a 1 décennie. Regardless of the slight improvement over the past decade, these numbers still illustrate a severe drop from 70% at the start of the 20th century. On the large Philippine Island of Luzon, the Philippine Monkey-Eating Eagle reigns as a top-of-the-food-chain predator. Habitat destruction caused by humans includes land conversion from forests, etc. Moreover, the destruction of large areas of important ocean habitats such as coral reefs can result in lower incomes from fishing, reduced food production, higher disaster risk, and extreme poverty. In addition, wildlife poaching and trade continues to be a growing problem in the country, driven by poverty, porous borders, and weak law enforcement. Other imminent threats to Philippine forests include mining and land conversion. In 2007, Reef Check – an international organization assessing the health of reefs in 82 countries -- stated that only five percent of the country’s coral reefs are in “excellent condition.” These are the Tubbataha Reef Marine Park in Palawan, Apo Island in Negros Oriental, Apo Reef in Puerto Galera, Mindoro, and Verde Island Passage off Batangas. As a bird of prey, they also play a vital role in balancing the forest ecosystem. Habitat destruction makes another Covid-19 'entirely feasible' - NZ scientist . South and east Asiaâ€”especially China, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Japanâ€”and many areas in West Africa have extremely dense human populations that allow little room for natural habitat. Habitat loss is probably the greatest threat to the variety of life on this planet today. Its limited distribution, exploitation, and habitat destruction are the main threats to this Critically Endangered species. Its ecosystems provide the essentials of life to millions of people – from seafood and game animals, to fodder, fuel wood, timber, and pharmaceuticals products. Under the regular housing and community development programs, Habitat Philippines aims to lift low-income Filipino families out of overcrowded, unhealthy living conditions or displacement in urban areas by providing them with decent shelter in healthy communities. Wildlife must have places to find food, shelter and raise their young. Foundation for the Philippine Environment, Join our mailing list today, and be ready for our next action alert. Most of the natural habitat on islands and in areas of high human population density has already been destroyed. Here is a shortlist of a few of them: Gabaldon, Nueva Ecija (Philippine Eagles in Mt. Perhaps the greatest threat that faces many species is the widespread destruction of habitat. These hotspots are suffering from habitat loss and destruction. This poses an ecological risk, especially among predatory species, in which accumulation of the residue to lethal amounts may occur through the process called biomagnification. The Philippine forest turtle was believed to be extinct, however, a few live specimens were observed in Situ in 2001 and 2003 in northern Palawan, Philippines. “Once the habitat is destroyed, then the inhabitants vanish as well,” Rodolfo Caberoy, curator of the Zoology Division of the National Museum, once commented. These advantages are often what make them problematic, from the perspective of the native species, particularly if the latter have had no prior history of – and thus no survival mechanism against – having predators or direct competition to primary resources such as food. “Open access to fisheries and rampant destruction of fish habitats such as mangrove stands, coral reefs, and sea grass beds have further exacerbated the fisheries’ decline,” Castro and D’Agnes noted in their collaborative report. Species invasion does occur naturally, but human (economic) factors, such as an interest in enhancing food production can result in either intentional or inadvertent spread of new, invasive species. But they were not spared from the destruction humans have caused. Its estimated two million species include 8,000 flowering plants, 395 birds, 180 mammals, and 293 reptiles and amphibians. Promote … The state of aquatic resources illustrates this effect very well, as over-fishing and use of unsound fishing equipment (trawl nets, dynamite, cyanide, et al.) The Philippines is among the world’s seventeen “megadiversity” countries, which together account for some 60-70 percent of total global biodiversity. Red-vented Cockatoo . If nature and natural resources were measures of economic wealth, the Philippines would be one of the Earth’s richest. Standing at three feet and with a wingspan of up to seven feet, each pair requires 4,000 to 11,000 hectares of forest land to thrive in the wild. The NIPAS includes 281 protected areas covering 2.7 million hectares, or 9 percent of the country’s total land area of 30 million hectares. When we plot the number of species against the area of the island for the six islands, it is clear that there is a remarkably strong correlation between area and number of species. Environmental degradation and habitat destruction throughout the Philippines are not only harming wildlife but also undermining people’s livelihoods and creating social instability. Habitat destruction has threatened and virtually eliminated the eagle everywhere except on the islands of Luzon, Mindanao and Samar, where the only large tracts of lowland rain forest remain. IUCN has labeled the species as Vulnerable as it is threatened by habitat destruction in its native habitat. Likewise, human-caused damage to forest cover plays a big role, as nature’s built-in buffers against harmful greenhouse gases are gradually being neutralized. 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