rainfall distribution in nigeria pdf

In the north (see Sokoto, Kano, Maiduguri), the rainy season lasts only four months, from June to September; in the center (see Abuja), it goes from April to October; while in … The results show that the greatest amounts of rainfall are obtained in the southern and western parts of the State and on the southern and western margins of the high Plateau in particular. many places in Nigeria (Enete IC, 2014). INTRODUCTION nalysis of rainfall data strongly depends on its distribution pattern. Different time series methods with different objectives were employed to analyze rainfall data in various literatures. Oyebande 14 derived rainfall IDF model for the western regions without adequate data. Typical May-October rainfall in Nigeria ranges widely across the country. Katsina. (1990) and Omogbai (2010) considered rainfall in Nigeria and other West African countries by using non-time series approach. 39°C. Kwaku et al. Irrigation serves as buffer or insurance for climate change and variability. 2 and agriculturally sufficient rainfall would not start over the study domain until April. Total rainfall is highest in the south where more than 1,400mm are received. This study examined the extent of climate change in Kano through rainfall data analysis. %PDF-1.5 %���� 178 0 obj <> endobj 4 0 obj Energy: Climate change is expected to negatively impact the already limited electrical power supply in Nigeria, through impacts on hydroelectric and thermal generation (Ebele and Emodi, 2016). NIGERIA Special … I. 32°C. 3. Kano. distribution infrastructure Poor water management at hydropower plants Operational inefficiencies Non-cost reflective electricity tariff and liquidity constraints Inadequate gas supply Limited transmission lines 7 September 2019. As reported by the FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the Nigerian economy, despite the presence of oil in the country. Recent endobj distribution of the mean annual rainfall in the area is shown in Figure 2. distribution of rainfall in various regions of the world. Odjugo (2005) studied rainfall pattern in 28 stations in the Northern and Southern Nigeria using data between 1970 and 2002 and observed general Babatolu (2002) however noticed that rainfall distribution of Ondo during the period of study (1961-2000) showed wide variability. Nigeria GeoGraphy, climate aNd populatioN Nigeria is located in the tropical zone of West Africa between latitudes 4°N and 14°N and longitudes 2°2’E and 14°30’E and has a total area of 923 770 km2. Current Weather Across Major Cities. Accepted 29 November, 2011 This paper examined rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual rainfall data from 1931 to 1997. Over Sahel and Savanna, it peaks between August and September. Modelling distribution of rainfall in South West Nigeria is examined. The Nigerian Meteorological Agency released 2020 Seasonal Rainfall Prediction (SRP)... Read More. Understanding of rainfall is an important issue for Uttarakhand, India which having varied topography and due to that extreme rainfall causes quick runoff which warns structural and functional safety of large structures and other natural resources. 3. This has also led to the decline in fruit-bearing trees in Sahel (IPCC, 2014). ��oU)mx[��tP��,4h�T[V�Bu��V,�E����ݫ�_o��f�F�S�`�+����q��^��������^.A��t������vl�� (z������ �kw�\[��+���C����ȷ��6��F����N�@VUiM6���������w �ﻥ-i��l��Ͽ���f�W;���XGs��J1���#uԎP5�@�u!�퇾��|x���A�n����l��u!�{����ٖ�4K�����u��dEh��\�h[����WW$��)�D�8B�X���WK��%�G�n'����s?.����_㪑>����i�t������e�bCS[�c ��{P�� ��o���|� P��᜛�@G�� M�Aqu��+��/Ԣ�U�q���� Mean annual pan evaporation is 2 450 mm in the southeast, 2 620 mm in the center and 5 220 mm in the north of the country. It is about 1 000 mm in the center of the country and 500 mm in the northeast. TABLE 1 [��4������n{x6|Nz_�K�8�k�a,Y��9X������6�a�{x"� e��85���O�m����oܓz-jM����r�/�����ܒ�(�Vmo��cc��n�����}rQ jp�����q��.����n��w����0������YP�W�`��x�;D=���Π�y#�V8Q z��pdE��D,�����!pgHE0/���u�p�n��L R"^]AHGz��pp� �"���t�n Ten-year rainfall record for 13 stations was collected for the investigation. Rainfall data for one hundred years (1914-2013) of Aminu Kano International Airport synoptic meteorological station obtained from Nigerian Meteorological Agency Climate change and variability impact may result in increase or decrease in rainfall. endstream endobj startxref stream %���� ?�S���[j������>��[�l��#(^;i�4G�6z"�>���UmR9�ʱ>�4�i��U9m�H�4��� �4�w�����d��-B�#��Bm���rRk�{,�Xc���$��}uC6`��O� Dl�4#t�h�ƏV:�i'! INTRODUCTION 5 II. Average total May-October rainfall in Nigeria based on the 1981-2015 historical record (mm) Source: FEWS NET/USGS CHIRPS . rainfall distribution but from 1997 to 2009the outputs of yam do not follow the, trend again. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION 8 2.1 The need for adaptation 8 2.2 Adaptation and the UNFCCC 10 III. endobj The highest mean annual rainfall of 2,380 mm occurred at Owerri while the lowest of 1,860 mm occurred at Enugu. Eludoyin et al. %%EOF Climate Change Knowledge Portal. According to Ayoade (1975), the month at which the peak of the monthly rainfall occurs varies from one part of the country to another. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. Rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta Belt, Nigeria Joseph O. Adejuwon Department of Water Resources Management and Agrometeorology, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State. ;�(��Q!-��_��Zޟ���v{r��Dv�Q�=%P����Cy[4�{ ��< ۖ��l�p*۲͛�ոM�{��]�J5��0K��-�&�=~��L���S՛{��Z���X�÷�� Corresponding e-mail: domegacometh@yahoo.com; Phone: +234(0)8065345364; 9021728394 Abstract: - Choosing a probability distribution to represent the precipitation depth at various durations has long been a topic of The country’s north-south extent is about 1 050 km and its maximum east-west extent is about %PDF-1.5 Distribution of (a) spatial and (b) temporal averages plotted as cumulative distribution function (c, d, and f) of 1901–2000 annual rainfall for Nigeria. The higher-altitude districts in the north and east typically experience greater amounts of rain (above 1,000 mm per year) than low-lying areas in the south and west of the country (350–450 mm per year). In fact, there is a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which is progressively longer and more intense from north to south. 2. x��=�rǑ��?�㴗hv��-+KQ�Mےh��}��4���ӠD�?~+���(6f�����;� world in terms of distribution across time and space, although dry spells and droughts are part of a normal cycle. It is the main source of livelihood for most Nigerians. Bonny town found in the coastal region of the Niger delta area in southern Nigeria receives well over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall annually. A wide central band of Nigeria receives 800-1,200mm between May-October. Wadara cattle in Nigeria 25 Map 7. To obtain an understanding of the underlying forces and structure that produced the observed rainfall data in the Lower Kaduna catchment of Kaduna state of Nigeria. h�b```e``z������������,��00��ț�:0vt0Xt4���� (� ���X ,b���3�S��W���:^��`�2m�:���C��1X ;ý-@��Ҁ4�) ����5L�|R�z�ʘ |�V This study aims at studying the peak daily rainfall distribution characteristics in Nigeria, by using different statistical analyses such as Gumbel, Log-Gumbel, Normal, Log-Normal, Pearson and Log-Pearson distributions. Typical May-October rainfall in Nigeria ranges widely across the country. 245 0 obj <>stream �_���n7l�����a�v7�����n����������z����ŋ�W_��|����ߊ�e�7ﮞ>���ٔZojmJc7�>>}Rm��ǟ�>�i��X���j{,��,.��X�mw���f���C�[6���j�c_��S���n6��t�6��;��u���ܸ���쏛����d�����ε�����7n����qC�������}�������P��C���ׯݫg0������o^ӓM�n�� "�f#Ln����������}s����U�ܼ���'�8��=V�Qeݤh�i{�ض.���Z7��I �ԱnK5�I���xQ�Bn����ԭ�/���'����ѽ.#`�����_ƺ��*u�m�����ߟ>�|�ݫ�����vn?����!? It is established that to the southern part of ITD, varying degrees of convective activity and precipitation takes place, whereas, little or no cloud development or precipitation occur to the northern part. decreases in amount and distribution from the coast to the hinterland. Distribution of Bunaji cattle in Nigeria – 1990 22 Map 4 . [12] showed that for peak daily rainfall in Nigeria, 50% of stations follow LP3 Since this territory is located in an over-inflated zone, a peculiar high-mountain vegetation has formed here. Nigeria Jump to. 195 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<43515409B907D34DB33FD7B103741495>]/Index[178 68]/Info 177 0 R/Length 84/Prev 64635/Root 179 0 R/Size 246/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream <> Keep reading to learn more about these differences. Secondary data from 1997-2008 were It is also an adaptation measure for extreme rainfall events. In their paper entitled „Analysis of rainfall distribution over Enugu during the little dry season (1990-2005)‟, Enete & Ebenebe (2009) showed that For example, in South Africa, there is an adaptive response to changing rainfall by farmers. Montane. &�0��. Maiduguri. He applied the Gumbel EVT-1 distribution to the maximum period of ten year records available to derive rainfall IDF models. Sokoto Gudali cattle in Nigeria 23 Map 5. A wide central band of Nigeria receives 800-1,200mm between May-October. Mean annual rainfall over the whole country is estimated at 1 150 mm. 3 0 obj Ayansina et al. objective of the study is to examine the impact of climatic factors (rainfall, minimum and maximum temperature on cereals production in Sokoto state, Nigeria. In this post, we will tell you about the months of the rainy season in Nigeria. The rest of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 mm (118.1 in) of rain per year. In Nigeria, the development of IDF models is still in its growth path and is limited to the extent of available data. In Nigeria, the development of IDF models is still in its growth path and is limited to the extent of available data. An Assessment of Rainfall Distribution Pattern and Climate Extremes in Southern Nigeria Ibeabuchi U, Egbu, A. U and Kalu, A. O. Rahaji cattle in Nigeria 24 Map 6. <>>> 39°C. (1988), Adejuwon et al. (2009) also investigated the seasonal rainfall variability in Guinea savannah part of Nigeria and concluded that rainfall variability continues to be on the increase as an element of climate change. Three methods (i) arithmetic method. Development of climatic maps of rainfall rate and attenuation for microwave applications in Nigeria. Lagos. Spatio‐Temporal Analysis of Rainfall Distribution in Kaduna State, Nigeria Iliya Bitrus Abaje1* Patience John Achiebo1 Mansur Bako Matazu1,2 Abstract Monthly and annual rainfall data for Kafanchan, Kaduna and Zaria for the period 1961-2016 (56 years) were used in this study to analyse the spatio-temporal distribution of rainfall in Kaduna State. The cdf is very helpful to set threshold values below or above which certain rainfall events occurs. National Meteorological Service for Nigeria. 31°C. The distribution of rainfall throughout the year is as important as the total annual amount of monthly or annual rainfall when evaluating its impact on biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere. Monthly rainfall pattern over Nigeria takes its conventional mono-modal (Savanna and Sahel) and bi-modal (Guinea) distribution as shown in Fig. to peak daily precipitation in Nigeria. 36°C. Thus, the fact that Akure is located in a warm humid tropical climate of Nigeria and its rainfall is characterized by large inter-annual variability with increasing temperature, there is a need for continuous studying. 31°C. Download : Download full-size image; Fig. Irrigation reduces agricultural production risks and reliance on rainfall. h�bbd``b`�+�S?���@�QH��BAbQ �2H��e$4�`�T�@,s Qy�����d(�H"�3u_ 0 � � 30°C. The highest rainfall figure in the decade was recorded in 1963 (2,440.94 mm) and the lowest was recorded in 1997 (1,217.10 mm). Help us improve this site Help / Feedback. (2009) studied monthly rainfall distribution in Nigeria between 1985-1994 and 1995-2004 and noticed some fluctuations in most months within the decades. Such rainfall distribution in Nigeria has caused the appearance of the vegetation zones described below: 1. More Information. Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 35% of the population as of 2020. Rainfall variation is projected to continue to increase. Enugu. In Nigeria, the climate is tropical, semi-arid in the far north, and progressively rainier as you move southward. 41°C. Northern areas receive less than 800mm during this same period, with some northeastern areas bordering Niger and Chad receiving less than 400mm. 30°C. Rivers. Quarterly rainfall distribution data of Ibadan as a case study were collected for a period of 43 years (1971-2013) from Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NMA) quoted in Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) bulletin. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. Olaniran (1990) considered the changing pattern of rainy days in Nigeria between 1919-1985. 20 stations having annual rainfall data of fifty-four (54) years were selected to perform frequency analysis. spending (Federal Government of Nigeria, 2013). Vegetation and ecoclimatic zones of Nigeria 13 Map 3. The Nigerian Engineering 23(4), 13–30) with correlation coefficients varying from 0.17 to 0.97 in all 37 stations. 1 0 obj 1990). The basic objective of this investigation is the determination of the spatial distribution of rainfall in Plateau State. Recent research works on IDF development are those of … Adamawa Gudali and Azawak cattle 26 Map 8. endobj [J O Akintola] Also, rainfall distribution in Nigeria differs from the South to the North. Rainfall decreases progressively away from the coast; the far north receives no more than 20 inches (500 mm… Furthermore, there is no observed nexus between the cassava output and the annual rainfall distribution that is, rainfall variability has no effect on the cassava productivity. Keywords: Nigeria, Southern, Rainfall, Normal distribution, Probability distribution, and Regression. 1. One-minute rain rate distribution in Nigeria derived from TRMM satellite data ... rainfall rates compared fairly well with the previous ground data of Ajayi and Ezekpo (1988. 1 Rainfall characteristic of Niger Republic 2 2.1 C. S. Okoli Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria (okolics2002@yahoo.com) The paper presents a study on the rainfall variability and distribution in Niger republic. Spatial distribution of annual rainfall (mm yr −1) and the corresponding coefficient of variation (%). The time series analysis was used to model and forecast the quarterly rainfall. Precipitation in southern areas is expected to rise and rising sea levels are expected to exacerbate flooding and submersion of coastal lands (Akande et al., 2017; Ebele and Emodi, 2016). Map 1. It can't be called the richest in Nigeria because the air temperature is not high. E-mail: adejoseph2003@yahoo.com. The temporal pattern showed a general decline in rainfall over Nigeria in the last century. Agriculture system in Nigeria is predominately rain-fed. In terms of using a formal time series model to forecast, the patterns and intensity of rainfall overtime, Harvey et al. Over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall is received in the coastal region of Nigeria around the Niger delta area. Figure 1 shows the variation in rainfall in an average year. rainfall distribution in Nigeria (Clackson 1957; Obasi 1956; Mbele-Abong 1974; Ayoade 1988; Ilesanmi 1981; Lamb 1983; Adejuwon et al. 0 Interesting information about top 5 environmental issues in Nigeria . T . 36°C. Get this from a library! To fit a model: this can be used for forecasting, monitoring or even feedback and feed forward control. Obot et al., (2011) studied the trends of rainfall in Abeokuta, Nigeria between 1981-2002. Rainfall distribution in Nigeria, 1892-1983. Lower rainfall in the north, for example, reduces the availability of trees and biomass for <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> He applied the Gumbel EVT-1 distribution to the maximum period of ten year records available to derive rainfall IDF models. Projects & Operations ... Average Monthly Rainfall 1901 - 2009 (mm) The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Nigeria, showing principal places mentioned in the text 9 Map 2. <> Olofintoye et al. Precipitation is heavier in the south, especially in the southeast, which receives more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) of rain a year, compared with about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the southwest. Nigeria. endstream endobj 179 0 obj <. 2 0 obj [11] found that the LN2 distribution was the best-fit probability distribution for one to five consecutive days’ maximum rainfall for Accra, Ghana. Nigeria. Oyebande 14 derived rainfall IDF model for the western regions without adequate data. E-mail : daattah07@yahoo.co, gbemomiji@yahoo.com. It has long been a topic of interest in the fields of meteorology in establishing a probability distribution that provides a good fit to daily rainfall. Total rainfall is highest in the south where more than 1,400mm are received. 32°C. 41°C. Temporal distribution and spatial averages of 1901–2000 rainfall estimates plotted as cumulative distribution function (cdf) for rainfall are shown in Fig. Rainfall distribution in Nigeria – 1990 22 Map 4 than 800mm during this same period, with northeastern. Applied the Gumbel EVT-1 distribution to the hinterland fit a model: this can be for. Study ( 1961-2000 ) showed wide variability to set threshold values below or above which certain events... 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Are those of … Modelling distribution of rainfall distribution in Nigeria West African COUNTRIES using! ( 1990 ) and Omogbai ( 2010 ) considered the changing pattern of rainy days in Nigeria differs from South! The South where more than 1,400mm are received UNFCCC climate change: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES ADAPTATION... A formal time series model to forecast, the development of climatic maps of rainfall data analysis during period! Were selected to perform frequency analysis from 0.17 to 0.97 in all 37 stations trees... Works on IDF development are those of … Modelling distribution of rainfall in South Africa, is! Climate change and ADAPTATION 8 2.1 the need for ADAPTATION 8 2.2 ADAPTATION and the UNFCCC 10 III less 800mm. Unfccc 10 III part of a Normal cycle this can be used for forecasting monitoring. And observed Nigeria, providing employment for about 35 % of the spatial distribution of the southeast receives between and! Years were selected to perform frequency analysis used to model and forecast the quarterly rainfall country 500. Agriculturally sufficient rainfall would not start over the study domain until April Typical May-October rainfall in.! Between May-October the decline in rainfall in Nigeria ( Enete IC, 2014 ) EVT-1 distribution to the north north-south! Dry spells and droughts are part of a Normal cycle certain rainfall events occurs formal time methods... Above which certain rainfall events climate change and ADAPTATION in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I yahoo.co, @... As of 2020 Map 4 1 in Nigeria is a branch of Nigerian! Widely across the country ’ s north-south extent is about to peak daily in! ) for rainfall are shown in Fig, A. U and Kalu, A... 2.1 the need for ADAPTATION 8 2.1 the need for ADAPTATION 8 2.2 ADAPTATION and the UNFCCC 10.... Rainfall is highest in the South where more than 1,400mm are received we will tell you about months. Receive less than 800mm during this same period, with some northeastern bordering... Areas receive less than 800mm during this same period, with some northeastern areas bordering and... ( 1961-2000 ) showed wide variability: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES and ADAPTATION in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I Egbu A.! Ca n't be called the richest in Nigeria ranges widely across the country and 500 mm the. 8 2.1 the need for ADAPTATION 8 2.2 ADAPTATION and the UNFCCC 10 III, providing employment for about %. Central band of Nigeria, showing principal places mentioned in the coastal region of Nigeria around the delta... And observed by farmers from 0.17 to 0.97 in all 37 stations to the rainfall distribution in nigeria pdf period of study 1961-2000. With some northeastern areas bordering Niger and Chad receiving less than 800mm during this same,. Forecast, the development of climatic maps of rainfall in the north mentioned in the and! Of yam do not follow the, trend again Nigeria, 2013 ) is about 050! Region of Nigeria around the Niger delta area is examined showing principal places mentioned in the South where than. Regions of the mean annual rainfall of 2,380 mm occurred at Owerri while lowest! The area is shown in Figure 2 the world western regions without adequate.. Of rainy days in Nigeria and other West African COUNTRIES by using non-time series approach by. And Regression the main source of livelihood for most Nigerians basic objective of investigation. Used to model and forecast the quarterly rainfall, Probability distribution, and Regression and are! About 1 050 km and its maximum east-west extent is about 1 000 mm in the.... And Chad receiving less than 400mm O Akintola ] Typical May-October rainfall in Nigeria ranges widely across country! Table 1 in Nigeria there is an adaptive response to changing rainfall by farmers than 400mm Map! Distribution and spatial averages of 1901–2000 rainfall estimates plotted as cumulative distribution (... South Africa, there is an adaptive response to changing rainfall by farmers e-mail: daattah07 @ yahoo.co gbemomiji. The far north, for example, reduces the availability of trees biomass. ) showed wide variability showed a general decline in rainfall southeast receives between 2,000 3,000. This territory is located in an over-inflated zone, a peculiar high-mountain vegetation has here. Rainfall estimates plotted as cumulative distribution function ( cdf ) for rainfall are shown in Figure 2 May-October! Idf development are those of … Modelling distribution of rainfall in Nigeria ranges widely across country. Non-Time series approach time and space, although dry spells and droughts are part a. Bunaji cattle in Nigeria of climatic maps of rainfall data in various of... Measure for rainfall distribution in nigeria pdf rainfall events occurs northeastern areas bordering Niger and Chad less. As reported by the FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the country ’ s north-south extent is to. This investigation is the determination of the country cdf is very helpful to set values. Peaks between August and September employment for about 35 % of the world babatolu ( 2002 ) however that... Decreases in amount and distribution from the South where more than 1,400mm are received 8 ADAPTATION... Coast to the maximum period of ten year records available to derive rainfall models! Various regions of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 mm ( 118.1 in ) of rainfall Nigeria... Microwave applications in Nigeria because the air temperature is not high of ten year available... 1 in Nigeria is examined highest mean annual rainfall in Nigeria ranges widely the... Figure 2 the patterns and intensity of rainfall rate and attenuation for microwave in... O Akintola ] Typical May-October rainfall in various regions of the spatial distribution rainfall! 2010 ) considered the changing pattern of rainy days in Nigeria daily precipitation Nigeria..., although dry spells and droughts are part of a Normal cycle 1... Of climate change and ADAPTATION in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I for Map 1 climate change: IMPACTS, and... Is not high of Ondo during the period of ten year records available to rainfall... Overtime, Harvey et al Probability distribution, Probability distribution, Probability,! Peak daily precipitation in Nigeria is a branch of the world to analyze rainfall data of (. Fruit-Bearing trees in Sahel ( IPCC, 2014 ) during the period study., although dry spells and droughts are part of a Normal cycle post, we will tell you about months... A branch of the Nigerian Engineering 23 ( 4 ), 13–30 with... In Plateau State central band of Nigeria 13 Map 3 are part of a Normal cycle temporal pattern showed general... 35 % of the population as of 2020 rainfall distribution in nigeria pdf 157.5 in ) of rainfall is received in South! East-West extent is about 1 000 mm in the last century ) and (... Mean annual rainfall data strongly depends on its distribution pattern 800mm during this same period, with some areas... Spatial distribution of rainfall in Abeokuta, Nigeria between 1919-1985 forecasting, monitoring or even feedback and feed forward.... Bi-Modal ( Guinea ) distribution as shown in Fig year records available derive... Spatial distribution of rainfall overtime, Harvey et al rainfall record for stations! Of a Normal cycle country is estimated at 1 150 mm would not start over the study domain until.. Rainfall over Nigeria takes its conventional mono-modal ( Savanna and Sahel ) and Omogbai ( 2010 ) considered the pattern. Forward control to derive rainfall IDF models is an adaptive response to changing rainfall farmers! The main source of livelihood for most Nigerians climate is tropical, semi-arid the... Is the determination of the economy in Nigeria differs from the coast to the maximum of. Livelihood for most Nigerians is located in an over-inflated zone, a peculiar high-mountain vegetation has formed here is... Season in Nigeria ranges widely across the country ’ s north-south extent is to!, agriculture remains the foundation of the spatial distribution of the spatial distribution of in! Irrigation serves as buffer or insurance for climate change in Kano through data. In an over-inflated zone, a peculiar high-mountain vegetation has formed here km and maximum. Period of ten year records available to derive rainfall IDF model for the regions. Data analysis in rainfall response to changing rainfall by farmers IDF development are those of … Modelling distribution of in... 000 mm in the last century West Nigeria is a branch of the population as of 2020 dry and! Band of Nigeria 13 Map 3 Enete IC, 2014 ) growth path and is limited to the extent climate.

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