gender equality in poland

A review of success and limitations Marta Warat Institute of Sociology, Jagiellonian University Jagiellonian University in Krakow October 2014 The research leading to these results has received funding from the Polish- Delivering a coordinated, multiagency response, Strategic framework on violence against women 2015-2018, Legal Definitions in the EU Member States, EIGE's publications on gender-based violence, EU candidate countries and potential candidates, Gender equality indices in the Western Balkans and Turkey, Gender statistics in the Western Balkans and Turkey, Organising an event in EIGE's entry point, First steps towards more inclusive language, Key principles for inclusive language use, Avoid gendered pronouns (he or she) when the person’s gender is unknown, Avoid irrelevant information about gender, Avoid gendered stereotypes as descriptive terms, Using different adjectives for women and men, Do not use ‘he’ to refer to unknown people, Do not use gender-biased nouns to refer to groups of people, Greetings and other forms of inclusive communication, Solutions for how to use gender-sensitive language, The argument for work-life balance measures, Step-by-step approach to building a compelling business case, Step 1: Identify national work-life balance initiatives and partners, Step 2: Identify potential resistance and find solutions, Step 3: Maximise buy-in from stakeholders, Step 4: Design a solid implementation plan, Step 6: Highlight benefits and celebrate early wins, Toolbox for planning work-life balance measures in ICT companies. Collect information and disaggregated data on the target group, Step 2. Evidences of Gender based Violence in Poland Its score is 12.2 points lower than the EU average. Three reasons why gender budgeting is crucial in the EU Funds, How can we apply gender budgeting in the EU Funds? The weak presence of discourse on that subject seems worrying. Poland has a mixed performance in gender equality in the workplace. Poland is progressing towards gender equality at a slower pace than other Member States. Developing a strategy and working plan, EU objectives for gender equality in research, Step 2: Analysing and assessing the state-of-play in the institution, Step 3: Setting up a Gender Equality Plan, Step 4: Implementing a Gender Equality Plan, Step 5: Monitoring progress and evaluating a Gender Equality Plan. Young women in Poland are more likely to have a university degree than young men: 43% of women and 29% of men aged 25-34 years old have attained tertiary education. It has opposed introducing quotas for women on company boards1 and there is no legal requirement for employers to publish or monitor gender pay differences. She said, since obtaining full European Union membership in May 2004, Poland had begun to mainstream gender equality into all political strategies with the help of European Union funding. Identify existing gender inequalities and their underlying causes, Step 3. Despite the fact that around three in five Europeans (62%) think that inequalities between men and women are widespread in their country, with 11 percent thinking they are ‘very widespread’, a vast majority of Poles think that men and women should not share the same rights. The European Parliament’s Gender Equality Week, held for the first time this year, could not have taken place at a more appropriate time. It aims to increase awareness of equality issues, support women in their academic careers, and improve the gender balance in various disciplines. Step 6: What comes after the Gender Equality Plan? I was very surprised of how climate change makes inequality worse. It aims to increase awareness of equality issues, support women in their academic careers, and improve the gender balance in various disciplines. However, at 7%, the proportion of women on boards is below the OECD average (10%), compared with 18% in France and 38% in Norway. As many as 87 percents of Poles disagree that equality between men and women is a fundamental right, the highest in the EU, according to a survey by Eurobarometer. Gender Equity and the Role of Women in Poland American Association of University Women In 1920 AAUW's predecessor, the Association of Collegiate Alumnae, helped raise $100,000 for Polish scientist Marie Curie to purchase a gram of radium. What does gender budgeting involve in practice? After 1989, the gender policy was seen as a remnant of communism and state-socialist policies. By Jacqueline Heinen and Stéphane Portet By Jacqueline Heinen and Stéphane Portet September 2009 Gender Equality Policy in Poland Development of Gender Equality Policies in Poland. Project development and application, Tool 10: Integrating a gender perspective in monitoring and evaluation processes, Steps to integrate a gender perspective in M&E processes, Tool 11: Reporting on resource spending for gender equality in the EU Funds, Tracking expenditures for gender equality, EIGE’s publications on Gender mainstreaming, Data collection on violence against women, Analysis of EU directives from a gendered perspective, Intimate partner violence and witness intervention, Risk assessment and risk management by police, Principle 2: Adopting a victim-centred approach, Principle 3: Taking a gender-specific approach, Principle 4: Adopting an intersectional approach, Principle 5: Considering children’s experiences, Step 1: Define the purpose and objectives of police risk assessment, Step 2: Identify the most appropriate approach to police risk assessment, Step 3: Identify the most relevant risk factors for police risk assessment, Step 4: Implement systematic police training and capacity development, Step 5: Embed police risk assessment in a multiagency framework, Step 6: Develop procedures for information management and confidentiality, Step 7: Monitor and evaluate risk assessment practices and outcomes, Risk management principles and recommendations, Principle 1. Consult directly with the target groups, Tool 3: Operationalising gender equality in policy objectives and specific objectives/measures, Steps for operationalising gender equality in Partnership Agreements and Operational Programmes, General guidance on operationalising gender equality when developing policy objectives, specific objectives and measures, Checklist for putting the horizontal principle of gender equality into practice in Partnership Agreements, Checklist for putting the horizontal principle of gender equality into practice in Operational Programmes, Examples of integrating gender equality as a horizontal principle in policy objectives and specific objectives, Tool 4: Coordination and complementarities between the EU Funds to advance work-life balance, Steps for enhancing coordination and complementarities between the funds, Step 1. In order to tackle these aspects, the first part of the article analyses the issue of foreign aid and civil society sector in the two countries. Topics. Awareness of the cost of gender inequality promotes gender equality and its value more. Centred around the presentation of the Gender Equality Index for the year 2020, the original idea of Gender Equality Week was to honour the Beijing Declaration adopted 25 years ago at the UN Conference on Women’s Rights. Why Gender Equality Is Good for Everyone? Following a December 2018 visit to Poland, the UN Working Group on the Issue of Discrimination against Women in Law and Practice expressed concern that activists promoting gender equality … Genderism and Equality in Poland. References. She said, since obtaining full European Union membership in May 2004, Poland had begun to mainstream gender equality into all political strategies with the help of European Union funding. Borowska, M. (2012), Equality of chances of men and women in third sector, ISP, Warsaw. The average gender equality score of companies on three indices are markedly lower than the European average Despite widespread support for gender equality around the world, a notable share (a median of 40% across the countries surveyed) thinks men should have more right to a job than women when jobs are scarce; 56% disagree with this notion. Greater gender equality is key to sustaining labor force participation and boost economic growth. It implements government policy on equal treatment, including gender equality, and is appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland. The article explores the introduction of electoral gender quotas and the unprecedented social mobilization in pursuit of gender equality in Poland. ( Log Out /  At the same time, activists report that the government has stopped consulting women’s rights experts, instead privileging the views and opinions of individuals aligned with PiS. The University of Warsaw has become the first higher education institution in Poland to adopt a Gender Equality Plan. By contrast, only 30% of workers in the transport, storage, and communication sectors are women. An aging population and persistently low fertility rate will lead to a decline of the Polish labor force by about 15 percentage points over the next 20 years if the labor force participation rate for men and women does not increase. indicators of the level of gender equality, as in the Global Gender Gap Report (2013) of the World Economic Forum, as well as social development, as in the Human Development Report (2014) of the United Nations. Publication date: 1 December 2013. The Strategy presents policy objectives and actions to make significant progress by 2025 towards a gender-equal Europe. Poland’s scores are lower than the EU’s scores in all domains. Though each country’s story was different, the family resemblances were alarming. Changing perceptions should start early at home and at school. Gender equality policy is still a new phenomenon in Poland. Thousands of people took part in the parade meant to celebrate gender equality at a time … Since 2005, Poland’s score has improved the most in the domain of money (+ 13.7 points). The quota law was adopted as a citizens’ initiative organized by the Congress of Women, a new women’s movement. Yet, substantial minorities in several of the nations surveyed believe women’s rights remain unchanged, even though nearly 30 years have passed. In 2007 (Bączkowski v Poland), the 2005 ban on holding equality marches in Warsaw was overturned by the European Court of Human Rights.The court judged that bans undermined the prohibition on discrimination and freedom of assembly guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights.. Only a few marches were held until the late 2010s when the ruling Law and Justice party campaigned … The anti-gender movement in France is spearheaded by Farida Belghoul and La Manif pour tous [] (LMPT), a protest movement which originated in early 2013 to oppose same-sex marriage in France and pivoted to opposing equality curricula after same-sex marriage was legalized in May 2013. The PiS government’s open disdain of women’s rights and failure to counter misinformation campaigns has fostered a climate of fear for women’s rights defenders. Before the achievement of the gender equality, the issues of wage discrepancies, conventional traditions of limiting the role of women and incompatible policies of women rights and gender discrimination have to be addressed. © 2020 European Institute for Gender Equality, Making equality between women and men a reality for all Europeans and beyond, Economic Benefits of Gender Equality in the EU, Step-by-step guide to Gender Equality Training, 2. Poland’s gender roles are unique because of the role that Communism played, as well as the high expectations placed on women. When it comes to gender roles. I was very intrigued to learn the views and reasoning behind this statement. Increased female. In Poland, women spend on average almost two and a half hours per day on unpaid work more than men. one of the most unique countries is the nation of Poland. Creating accountability and strengthening commitment, 10. This is the Final Research Report on Poland in the Religion, Politics and Gender Equality Project. How climate change makes gender inequality worse. A ten-step programme for managers, Eradicating sexism to change the face of the EU, Gender Equality Index 2019: Poland (ePUB), Wskaźnik równouprawnienia płci 2019: Polska, Wskaźnik równouprawnienia płci 2019: Polska (ePUB), Gender Equality Index 2019. The University of Warsaw has become the first higher education institution in Poland to adopt a Gender Equality Plan. The aims of Feminoteka are to act for the elimination of sex-based discrimination in literature, culture, arts and public life. Compared to 2015, its score decreased by 1.6 points. The Policy on Gender Equality in Poland - Update September 2016 07-09-2016 The study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality and commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs. Gender roles determine what sort of societal norms are outlined for the way men and women should behave, think, and act. Women in Poland are more likely to have permanent employment than men and to work in professional occupations. Integrate initiatives to broader strategy, 7. The proportion of women managers in Poland (36%) is one of the highest among OECD countries (the average is 32%). Author: Maciej Michalewski Poland FM GEC Representative Podsumowując rok 2020 w kontekście równouprawnienia płci w Polsce, warto zwrócić uwagę na opublikowany przez Bank Światowy raport “Women, Business and the Law 2020”. Download the analysis "Gender Equality in Poland after EU accession. This book engages with a critical perspective on gender equality and quality of life. Its ranking has dropped four places since 2005 and six since 2015. In Poland, teachers have been fired for discussing “gender equality” with children, rather than acquiescing in an unspoken understanding that the difference between the sexes is obvious and unchanging, not subject to questioning. This statistic shows the gender equality index score of Poland from 2005 to 2019, compared to the average score obtained by 28 member states of the European Union. The briefing presents key data and insights on gender equality in the workplace in Poland, Romania and the Czech Republic. ( Log Out /  Feminism in Poland has a long history, and has traditionally been divided into seven periods, beginning arguably with the 18th century enlightenment, followed by first-wave feminism. Yet, the average gender pay gap in the European Union1 stands at 16%, according to a recent European Commission analysis.2 Equileap received funding from the Euro-pean Commission to assess gender equality in the largest publicly listed companies in 10 Project main goal is to investigate GE and its benefits for quality of life and social development. The EU Gender Equality Strategy delivers on the von der Leyen Commission’s commitment to achieving a Union of Equality. Gender equality in Poland was reported at 0.66667 % in 2019, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. https://eige.europa.eu/publications/gender-equality-index-2019-poland Underpinning the processes with an outcome-focused approach, Principle 5. This book engages with a critical perspective on gender equality and quality of life. Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and the Netherlands have seen the least improvements in gender equality since 2010. Poland - Gender equality - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the World Bank on November of … Rationale for gender equality in research, A practice to award and ensure greater visibility for women researchers, Age limit extension in calls for female researchers with children under 10, Compulsory awareness-raising session for B.A. The lack of progress in fostering gender equality (GE) in Europe and particularly in Poland calls for new framing of GE in order to construct effective policies to overcome this impasse. ( Log Out /  Roughly a quarter or more in Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine, Poland and Bulgaria believe women have the same rights now as they had under comm… This statistic presents the results of a survey regarding whether people in Poland thought that enough progress had been made in relation to gender equality in 2019, by area. Gender equality is an explicit goal in Poland and Norway, as it is for international institutions such as the EU, the World Bank and the UN. Good blog. How gender-sensitive are parliaments in the EU? Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The report makes it clear: improved gender equality in decision-making is the main driver of progress in the EU. Although much lower than in other Member States, Poland’s scores are the highest in the domain of health (83.2 points). Expectations and reality" Polish people are happy to be living in an EU member state. Adopting a gender-specific approach, Principle 2. Identifying and developing possible work-life balance interventions, Step 4. The report makes it clear: improved gender equality in decision-making is the main driver of progress in the EU. 1- http://www.thenews.pl/1/2/Artykul/199965,Gender-equality-still-low-in-Poland, 2- http://www.oecd.org/gender/Closing%20the%20Gender%20Gap%20-%20Poland%20FINAL.pdf, 3- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7n9IOH0NvyY, 4- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xoBZwjne8A. The Plenipotentiary does not have a separate budget and has limited human resources, as it sits within the Chancellery of the Prime Minister. At 59%, the proportion of employed women in Poland is around the OECD average (60%).The gender pay gap at median earnings in Poland (10%) is one of the lowest in the OECD (the OECD average is 16%); and the pay gap among top earners in Poland is small. The history of women on the territory of present-day Poland has many roots, and has been strongly influenced by Roman Catholicism in Poland. Violating sexist expectations can lead to sexual harassment, How can I combat sexism? The Creative Europe-funded campaign encourages festivals, conferences, music organisations and institutions to sign a pledge to include at least 50% … Malta … Progress has stalled in the domain of knowledge (- 0.2 points) and decreased in the domain of time (- 2.1 points). Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ( Log Out /  Launching gender equality action plans, 13. Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and the Netherlands have seen the least improvements in gender equality since 2010. Poland - Gender equality - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from … Policies that could contribute to changing these attitudes include the expansion of formal childcare capacity, promoting a more gender-equitable use of both flexible working time arrangements (e.g. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Gender budgeting as a way of complying with EU legal requirements, Gender budgeting as a way of promoting accountability and transparency, Gender budgeting as a way of increasing participation in budget processes, Gender budgeting as a way of advancing gender equality. When it comes to gender roles. Introducing an individualised approach to risk management, Principle 3. 2 Polish legis - In Poland, as in most countries, women and men are constitutionally granted equal civil 16, LT-01103 Vilnius, Lithuania. part-time work) and parental leave entitlements. Gender roles determine what sort of societal norms are outlined for the way men and women should behave, think, and act. Establishing an evidence-based approach, Principle 4. This article demonstrates how gender equality provides a huge benefit to society. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. According to data published by Ipsos, 64 percent of people in Poland thought that women wouldn’t achieve equality unless men take action to support women’s rights too. Change ). The Constitution of 1952 introduced the principle of gender equality, as well as the right to equal pay and guarantees of state support for working mothers. (SE), Gender lectureship: a model for mainstreaming in higher education, High-profile tenure-track positions for top female scientists, Introducing a gender perspective in research content and teaching, Maternity Cover Fund and Return to Work policy, National connections at Fraunhofer Gesellschaft: the National Committee, Overcoming bias in personnel selection procedures, Participatory approach towards development of Career Development Plan, Protocol for preventing and tackling sexual harassment and gender-based violence, School of drafting and management for European projects, Stimulating personal development to improve women academics’ positions, Teaching-free period when returning from parental leave, The Gender Balance Committee of the Genomic Regulation Centre (ES), WiSER (Centre for Women in Science and Engineering Research), Women represented in all rounds of applications, Self-assessment, scoring and interpretation of parliament gender-sensitivity, AREA 1 – Women and men have equal opportunities to ENTER the parliament, Domain 1 – Electoral system and gender quotas, Domain 2 - Political party/group procedures, Domain 3 – Recruitment of parliamentary employees, AREA 2 – Women and men have equal opportunities to INFLUENCE the parliament’s working procedures, Domain 1 – Parliamentarians’ presence and capacity in a parliament, Domain 3 – Staff organisation and procedures, AREA 3 – Women’s interests and concerns have adequate SPACE on parliamentary agenda, Domain 1 – Gender mainstreaming structures, Domain 2 – Gender mainstreaming tools in parliamentary work, Domain 3 – Gender mainstreaming tools for staff, AREA 4 – The parliament produces gender-sensitive LEGISLATION, Domain 1 – Gender equality laws and policies, AREA 5 – The parliament complies with its SYMBOLIC function, Domain 2 – Gender equality in external communication and representation. 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