caries risk factors

National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. The “risk assessment” in CAMBRA is grounded in the use of a Caries Risk Assessment Form, which practitioners are instructed to use to evaluate each patient's disease indicators, risk factors, and protective factors to determine their level of caries risk. doi: 10.7717/peerj.7643. General risk factors include age, sex, race, geographic location and social class. Half of the population of world is affected by caries making it most common of all dental conditions. General risk factors include age, sex, race, geographic location and social class. Dental caries is widely recognised as an infectious disease induced by diet. Methods: For this case-control study, using a convenience sampling method, 787 children aged 3 and 4 years old were recruited; 386 children with caries constituted the early childhood caries (ECC) group and 401children without caries formed the caries-free (CF) group. Among local risk factors are the form and arrangement of teeth, salivary flow and oral hygiene. Numerous studies have linked caries to oral hygiene, regular use of fluoride, dietary habits, dental care and health policies, among other factors, so that these have been established as important risk factors of caries appearance and progression [7–12]. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Provided with no dental care and all the above risk factors caries can occur with time. If tooth is irreversibly damaged it becomes impossible for the dentist to save the tooth. Saliva maintains an important role in the health of soft and hard tissues in the oral cavity.2 Oral health professionals can assess several salivary parameters related to caries risk, how… Desquamative gingivitis; Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, Traditional and Newer Recommendation for Biopsy, Role Of Clinician in Preventive Health Care Approach, Oral Pyogenic Granuloma; Complete Case Series, 10 Contraindications of Dental Implant; Which Can Make Your Implant Failure, 7 Predisposing Factors of Dry Socket; Pathogenesis, Clinical Presentation, Treatment and Home Remedy, Factors Predisposing Dry Socket, Treatment and Complication, ORE Study Materials; Which you shouldn’t miss to crack ORE Exam, Important 13 Syndromes Associated with Developmental Disturbances, CEE Based MDS Entrance Exam Question Papers with Solution, CEE Based Mock MDS Entrance Exam With Solution, CEE Based Mock MDS Entrance Exam Question Papers with Solution, Patient on medication which causes hypo-salivation, Young children, babies on feeder esp, in their bedtime, Patient with past dental history of  multiple caries,restorations & undergoing dental treatments and dentures, People having no facility of dental care and consuming sugary, sticky snacks in between meals, Systemic illness which reduces manual dexterity, Substrate (Environmental factors) Saliva Diet. Enamel can repair itself by using minerals from saliva and also by fluoridated toothpaste, water and fluoride supplements. Following are some tips preventing it’s occurrence. Logistic multiple factor stepwise regression model was used to analyse the risk factors influencing ECC prevalence. Several modifying risk and protective factors influence the dental caries process, as will be discussed later in this chapter. PeerJ. Harboring on the dental plaque the bacteria become dominant, continue it’s metabolism producing acid leading to decalcification of tooth enamel, thereby initiating caries process. Have you noticed any gum swelling or any infection? Consuming excessive amounts of sugar from snacks, processed food and soft drinks is a... Tobacco use. Fluoride treatment and supplements if required. Association of risk factors with the caries status was analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, the chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. The “risk assessment” in CAMBRA is grounded in the use of a Caries Risk Assessment Form, which practitioners are instructed to use to evaluate each patient's disease indicators, risk factors, and protective factors to determine their level of caries risk. Ignorance is not always bliss. Rinse your mouth regularly with fluoride containing mouth washes. Don’t take sugary, sticky snacks in between the meals. The risk of dental caries increases if you consume sugar more than four times a day and/or when you consume more than 50 grams (approximately 12 teaspoons) per day. Exposure of sugary, sticky foods in between meals also possess great risk as they remain in teeth for longer time and bacteria breaks down sugars producing acid.  |  The most common of all is radiographic method. 2018 Sep;6(5):689-701. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.457. For patients at elevated risk for caries, increasing protective factors and reducing modifiable risk factors helps shift the balance in favor of caries prevention. 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