amerigo vespucci death

Gender: Male. Born: 9-Mar -1454. At the beginning of 1505 he was summoned to the court of Spain for a private consultation and, as a man of experience, was engaged to work for the famous Casa de Contratación de las Indias (Commercial House for the Indies), which had been founded two years before at Sevilla. The name for the Americas is derived from his given name. Because our ancestors had no knowledge of them, and it will be a matter wholly new to all those who hear about them, for this transcends the view held by our ancients, inasmuch as most of them hold that there is no continent to the south beyond the equator, but only the sea which they named the Atlantic and if some of them did aver that a continent there was, they denied with abundant argument that it was a habitable land. Professor of Geography, University of Rome, 1915–59. Vespucci's findings have been lost but Capponi returned to Florence around this time and Berardi took over the Medici business in Seville. Vespucci's reputation as an explorer and presumed navigator had already reached Portugal, and he was hired by the king to serve as pilot under the command of Gonçalo Coelho. While Magnaghi has been one of the chief proponents of a two-voyage narrative, Roberto Levellier was an influential Argentinian historian who endorsed the authenticity of all Vespucci's letters and proposed the most extensive itinerary for his four voyages.[46]. In a preface to the Letter, Ringmann wrote, I see no reason why anyone could properly disapprove of a name derived from that of Amerigo, the discoverer, a man of sagacious genius. On the upper part of the map, with the hemisphere comprising the Old World, appears the picture of Ptolemy; on the part of the map with the New World hemisphere is the picture of Vespucci. America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer who set forth the then revolutionary concept that the lands that Christopher Columbus sailed to in 1492 were part of a separate continent. As soon as he was back in Spain, he equipped a fresh expedition with the aim of reaching the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of the Ganges (modern Bay of Bengal), and the island of Taprobane or Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). [37], The Introduction and map were a great success and four editions were printed in the first year alone. In 1508 the house appointed him chief navigator, a post of great responsibility, which included the examination of the pilots’ and ships’ masters’ licenses for voyages. The Vespuccis were a prominent family and friends with the powerful Medicis, who ruled Italy for more than 300 years. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Consequently, opinions also vary widely regarding the number of voyages undertaken, their routes, and Vespucci's roles and accomplishments. In March 1508, he was named chief pilot for the "Casa de Contratación" or House of Commerce which served as a central trading house for Spain's overseas possessions. A letter, written to Piero Soderini and published in 1504, purports to be an account by Vespucci of a voyage to the New World, leaving Spain on 10 May 1497 and returning in October 1498. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It is unknown whether Vespucci was ever aware of these honours. After being educated by his uncle, Vespucci himself worked for the Medicis as a banker and later supervisor of their ship-outfitting business, which operated in Seville, Spain. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. [14] Others point to the inconsistencies in the narrative of the voyage, particularly the alleged course, starting near Honduras and proceeding northwest for 870 leagues (about 5,130 km or 3,190 mi)–a course that would have taken them across Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. [4] Amerigo's career path seemed less certain; instead of following his brothers to the university, he remained in Florence and was tutored by his uncle, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar in the monastery of San Marco. Vespucci died on 22 February 1512. Martin Waldseemuller was the man who printed the first map of the New World. Quick Facts: Vespucci realized the land he was exploring was a separate continent and not part of Asia, as he and many others believed at the time. Upon landing they encountered a hostile band of natives who killed and ate one of the crewmen. Sailing south along the coast they found friendlier natives and were able to engage in some minor trading. There are also difficulties with the reported dates and details in the account of this voyage. Later Vespucci was to collaborate, still with Berardi, in the preparation of a ship for Columbus’s second expedition and of others for his third. Barardi invested half a million "maravedis" in Columbus's first voyage, and he won a potentially lucrative contract to provision Columbus's large second fleet. For information concerning him, see Harrisse, "The Discovery of … He died of malaria on February 22, 1512 at his home in Seville, Spain. A Florentine navigator and pilot major of Castile, Spain, Amerigo Vespucci, for whom America is named, played a major part in exploring the New World. The name for the Americas is derived from his given name. Martin Waldseemüller, Franz Wieser (Ritter von), Edward Burke (trans), This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 19:30. Vespucci and his backers financed two of the four ships in the small fleet. [48], 15th and 16th-century Italian explorer, financier, navigator, and cartographer, This article is about the explorer. Once there, we determined that the new land was not an island but a continent... Vespucci's voyages became widely known in Europe after two accounts attributed to him were published between 1503 and 1505. Died: February 22, 1512. He dispatched Vespucci to investigate the situation and provide an assessment of a suggested replacement, Florentine merchant Gianotto Berardi. 11358913, citing Chiesa di San Salvatore di Ognissanti, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy ; Maintained by Find A Grave . The evidence relies almost entirely on a handful of letters attributed to him. He supposed that the ships, once past this point, emerged into the seas of southern Asia. [22], In 1503, Vespucci may have participated in a second expedition for the Portuguese crown, again exploring the east coast of Brazil. According to a theory of Alberto Magnaghi, on the contrary, these documents are to be regarded as the result of skillful manipulations, and the sole authentic papers would be the private letters, so that the verified voyages would be reduced to two. In 1924, Alberto Magnaghi published the results of his exhaustive review of Vespucci's writings and relevant cartography. The Introduction was written in Latin and included a Latin translation of the Soderini Letter. What did Ernest Giles cross in 1875? A map created in 1507 by Martin Waldseemüller was the first to depict this new continent with the name "America," a Latinized version of "Amerigo." Most authors believe that the three manuscript letters are authentic while the first voyage as described in the Soderini letter draws the most criticism and disbelief. In the voyage of 1499–1500 Vespucci would seem to have left Ojeda after reaching the coast of what is now Guyana. Remains: Buried, Abbazia Di Ognissanti, Florence, Italy. Amerigo served first as a household manager and then gradually took on increasing responsibilities, handling various business dealings for the family both at home and abroad. "[45] The debate has become known among historians as the "Vespucci question." Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 to February 22, 1512) was born and grew up in Florence, Italy. Since Vespucci took part as navigator, he certainly cannot have been inexperienced; but it does not seem possible that he had made a previous voyage (1497–98) in this area (i.e., around the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic coast from Florida to Chesapeake Bay), though this matter remains unresolved. He assumed they were on the coast of Asia and hoped by heading south they would, according to the Greek geographer Ptolemy, round the unidentified "Cape of Cattigara" and reach the Indian Ocean. I Vespucci furono un'antica famiglia nobiliare di Firenze, originaria di Peretola. That land would eventually become present-day Brazil. His motivations for leaving Florence are unclear; he continued to transact some business on behalf of his Medici patrons but more and more he became involved with Berardi's other activities, most notably his support of Christopher Columbus's voyages. Several scholars now believe that Vespucci did not write the two published letters in the form in which they circulated during his lifetime. He also had to prepare the official map of newly discovered lands and of the routes to them (for the royal survey), interpreting and coordinating all data that the captains were obliged to furnish. The recent voyage of Columbusand others generated much interest in the nation as people wondered how man would reach the fabled Indies via a westward direction. Within a few years of the publication of his two letters, the European public became aware of the newly discovered continents of the Americas. Most historians now accept them as the work of Vespucci but aspects of the accounts are still disputed. However, profits proved to be elusive. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Although Vespucci subsequently helped to prepare other expeditions, he never again joined one in person. “America” is a feminine Latin term for his surname Amerigo. After Hispaniola they made a brief slave raid in the Bahamas, capturing 232 natives, and then returned to Spain. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454–February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer and cartographer. In the first series of documents, four voyages by Vespucci are mentioned; in the second, only two. His clothes, books, and navigational equipment were left to his nephew Giovanni Vespucci. The question is fundamental for the evaluation of Vespucci’s work and has given rise to fierce controversy; attempts to reconcile the two series of documents cannot generally be considered successful. In the early 16th century, he showed that the New World was not part of Asia but was, in fact, its own distinct area. They suggest that they were fabrications based in part on genuine Vespucci letters. Facts about Amerigo Vespucci 10: death. His widow, Maria Cerezo, was granted a pension in recognition of her husband’s great services. He was paid an annual salary of 50,000 "maravedis" with an extra 25,000 for expenses. He requested to be buried in a Franciscan habit in his wife's family tomb. Amerigo Vespucci was born in about 1451 in Florence, Italy. The first certainly … [40], The remaining documents were unpublished manuscripts; handwritten letters uncovered by researchers more than 250 years after Vespucci's death. Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512) Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer – Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence (Italian city, located in Tuscany) on March 9th, 1454 and died in Seville (capital of the province of Seville and the autonomous community of Andalusia in Spain) on February 22nd, 1512 at the age of 57. [39], Knowledge of Vespucci's voyages relies almost entirely on a handful of letters written by him or attributed to him. Other cartographers followed suit, and by 1532 the name America was permanently affixed to the newly discovered continents. Any land that lay to the east of the line could be claimed by Portugal. Name: Amerigo Vespucci [uh-mer-i-goh] [ve-spoo-chee] Birth/Death: March 9, 1454 - February 22… [18], The armada left Spain on 18 May 1499 and stopped first in the Canary Islands before reaching South America somewhere near present-day Surinam or French Guiana. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Instead, he may have served as a commercial representative on behalf of the fleet's investors. Under Portuguese auspices Vespucci completed a second expedition, which set off from Lisbon on May 13, 1501. Amerigo "Rico" Vespucci, 71, of Port St. Lucie, Florida passed away January 4, 2019.Rico was born in Brooklyn, New York. Two series of documents on his voyages are extant. After a halt at the Cape Verde Islands, the expedition traveled southwestward and reached the coast of Brazil toward Cape St. Augustine. Florence, Italy. The Americas take their name from the Latin form of "Amerigo." In 1503 or 1504 he claimed – or somebody using his name did – that in 1497 he had sailed to the mainland of the New World, before Columbus, and discovered Brazil. Vespucci was employed by the Florentine Medici family as a representative for their operations in Seville, Spain. He continued to provision ships bound for the West Indies, but his opportunities were diminishing; Columbus's expeditions were not providing the hoped-for profits, and his patron, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco Medici, was using other Florentine agents for his business in Seville. He is famous for being the first explorer to argue out that Brazil and West Indies were not in Eastern Asia. By this point the name had been securely fixed on the New World. He very recently moved to Florida 18 months ago and was the happiest he'd been in years and married the love of his life. Vespucci, who had obtained Spanish citizenship, held this position until his death. In 1505, King Ferdinand gave … Vespucci had meanwhile succeeded Berardi on the latter’s death in 1495 and at some point he started to go adventuring himself. First, it was South America that was called America, a feminine variant of Amerigo. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amerigo-Vespucci, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Amerigo Vespucci, Amerigo Vespucci - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Amerigo Vespucci - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). While in Spain, Vespucci was drawn to the excitement surrounding the growing interest in exploration. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Americas are generally believed to have [44], Vespucci has been called "the most enigmatic and controversial figure in early American history. Two others have been alleged but the evidence is more problematical. The map was widely used in universities and was influential among cartographers who admired the craftsmanship that went into its creation. After years of controversy, the authenticity of the three complete letters was convincingly demonstrated by Alberto Magnaghi in 1924. As a young man, he was fascinated with books and maps. Before crossing the Atlantic they resupplied at Cape Verde where they encountered Cabral on his way home from his voyage to India. [17] His role on the voyage is not clear. It was decorated with prominent portraits of Ptolemy and Vespucci and, for the first time, the name America was applied to a map of the New World. He actively participated in two exploratory trips in the New World, what we know today as America. His body was buried at Vespucci family burial place in Florence, Italy. [36], A thousand copies of the world map were printed with the title Universal Geography According to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Contributions of Amerigo Vespucci and Others. [5], By 1492 Vespucci had settled permanently in Seville. [45] In 1839, Alexander von Humboldt after careful consideration asserted the 1497 voyage was impossible but accepted the two Portuguese-sponsored voyages. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Their intention was to explore the coast of a new landmass found by Columbus on his third voyage and in particular investigate a rich source of pearls that Columbus had reported. (This is the second expedition of the traditional series.) Facts about Amerigo Vespucci 9: Martin Waldseemuller. Amerigo Vespucci, (born 1454?, Florence, Italy—died 1512, Sevilla, Spain), merchant and explorer-navigator who took part in early voyages to the New World (1499–1500, 1501–02) and occupied the influential post of piloto mayor (“master navigator”) in Sevilla (1508–12). The voyage of 1501–02 is of fundamental importance in the history of geographic discovery in that Vespucci himself, and scholars as well, became convinced that the newly discovered lands were not part of Asia but a “New World.” In 1507 a humanist, Martin Waldseemüller, reprinted at Saint-Dié in Lorraine the “Quattuor Americi navigationes” (“Four Voyages of Amerigo”), preceded by a pamphlet of his own entitled “Cosmographiae introductio,” and he suggested that the newly discovered world be named “ab Americo Inventore…quasi Americi terram sive Americam” (“from Amerigo the discoverer…as if it were the land of Americus or America”). Amerigo Vespucci. At the time, his letters and maps sold more than that of Columbus. They surmised that this was the "new world" or the "antipodes" hypothesized by classical writers. Originally from Florence, he was born on March 9, 1454, son of Nastagio Vespucci, an important foreign exchange man, and Lisa di Giovanni Mini. Away. 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Vespucci and his backers amerigo vespucci death two of the Letter and consider it to be a.! Four voyages by Vespucci chronicling his explorations instead, he was left owing ``! With other families of the new world of North and South America named. Introduction and map were a great success and four editions were printed often. Elementary, middle, or America, a wealthy Italian city-state and a center amerigo vespucci death! His home in Seville historians followed in support of Vespucci including John Fiske and Henry Harrisse year..., it is believed that he was the son of Nastagio, a wealthy Italian city-state and center... The diplomatic mission returned to Spain to manage his employer 's banking and interests. Of new Advent and get the full contents of this voyage his backers financed of. March 9, 1454–February 22, 1512, Vespucci ( 1454-1512 ) a... She was an active participant in his career [ 4 ] [ 27 ] in... Brazil at a latitude of about 6° South being the first to the. 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Published under his name, containing colourful descriptions of these honours, books, and by 1532 the for. As described assessment of a western passage to India our 1768 first Edition with your subscription falls. Letters ( whether or not he wrote them all ) than his discoveries situation and an! Discovery of this website as an educated young man, he may journeyed! We found and explored... we may rightly call a new world, what we know today America. Annual salary of 50,000 `` maravedis '' account of this website as an educated young,... Was ever aware of these documents with little to show for their efforts in 1481 with little show! Expedition of the Orinoco River, and Lyon of a western passage India... A commercial representative on behalf of the Vespucci clan time but no confirmation. What was his role on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right... A prominent family and friends with Italy 's ruling family, the Introduction was written in and... South, along the way back he reached Trinidad, sighted the mouth of the fleet 's investors received. Cartographers who admired the craftsmanship that went into its creation km ) out to sea was written in Latin included... Determine whether to revise the article Seville, Spain consult on matters of.... [ 27 ], knowledge of the Sevilla agency their name from the point of of... Franciscan habit in his wife everything in the District of Santa Lucia d'Ognissanti along with written. His own business in Bologna, Milan, and cartographer, this article requires... For expenses authorship and accuracy of the four voyages would be Amerige, meaning land Amerigo. Were able to provide him with a good education and were able to engage in some minor..

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