stainless steel oxide color chart

UeqW00Vzaw3FkIpbmKSGKSJXEymRZPU+BlBqG7YqwWP8shBJbonm3zFHbzR+nDYi/tVhlDAV4x8v If white light is incident on the oxide, and the latter appears blue, the implication is that the red component is eliminated, meaning that the oxide layer is about 0.25×725 nm thick. Adobe Illustrator CS5.1 BQqoQCPi2rvscVROky/mst5AmpweUZLHkgmljaYT8PUUOT+xz9PkRxWnKnbFWS+dh5cPly9ASOQG All metals react with oxygen in the air or water to form a film or oxide on the surface. Jey/lJq17r/lV7+aQ2shupIzHAFKniqb/vFkau/jlsdLjwDgxgRiOgdzo9ZLUYxklzLLNNtZ/wBH The color of the "stain" is a function of the layer thickness. SidOJxVl/k19Ze0uT5yj0CK7Ev8Aog0osYzDxH9565ry5V6YFR3mFdPexKaU+nx6myzCykmEZiWc vtNeyuYrm1t7pJ4ZrmOSGN40ktpVZ0f1PhZQahu2KsR/5VfeNcyyp5r81LJIrFlTUINhI0hSgrsq Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character, Vol. tfM+lwXY8za7Lr9xM6tBKuntaCJFShXhGvE1O5OBUdqt9etDqo0jkmqtYgae08E/pC4pN6RkohPD For example, 321 stainless welded with 347 filler wire will often show a bluish tint, Not a big deal unless you are welding multi-passes in which case it should be removed. hegjrvWuKsFbyR+Q73k/KfS/rP7z6wDrkytykaT1OXxD4gzPXuO/QYVTFPL35SLrGpahElmuo3kl to/RMvry6yHHMRkiPgvE19X4evTfFVTS/NP5jT6lY2l/5AvLW1nkSO71AaxGywoXCtL6QYsQqnnx 3HqUiX9yauiSC5VhxKrwDsT9Htiqp5U8pflPJrNje+XUsLvVNNVPqbwalNO0arDGq/DRhvEi9RuK csobgqspZQi9VrsKVJwKmWnzQzS3rwyLInrgckIYV9GPuMVRmKuxV2KuxV4/bfm55Kitoom1fTiY BT/9UcfGh3hfDPc7/lTPnD+e0/4Kf/qjj40O8L4Z7nf8qZ84fz2n/BT/APVHHxod4Xwz3O/5Uz5w g22+749Pl3J4Px93X596J06wmtTKZZvV58FiAM1FjSNVAIllmHLkGJZeNaitSORjOQP4/YkAhiWj Stainless Steel 410 is a martensitic stainless steel that is air or oil hardened and responds well to hardening and tem - pering operations. work load involved in removing the oxide film. The colour changes in this case are due first to ther formation of yellow dextrins in the crust, followed by caramelisation. KgNWXc12KqGr+ZfP9rPaWcWp6o2oRmeyu508vmW1lnDoUuEo6qkVJAvIsQaNiqroPmnz1dTTRT6n HlgVBJ5M/NZJImHnkSIqFZInsYviLRovLkCDVWDFdvnXrhVnenQXNvp9rBdTm5uooY0nuSADJIqg ArialMT Some people just use the colours while others will use the various codes associated with each product. CmKvUPU1L/fEP/I5v+qWBUm19Yp7DW4dZigTSJdOKakzXDootmWYTEusYK/By3HTFXmQ8l/kDFpc xWYhSTQfXI9h/wAjM13gZO59Dxdt9mCABiLofwNf4X88f7/P/SZH/wBVMfAydzZ/LvZf80f6QO/w Adobe Illustrator CS5.1 i5Dw8cKqnlP8so9MvbG+svNHmLU7fTZi6Wc1/bTWpJBDI6K3fke/8aqvSvrc/wDyxTffD/1UwKxH lhf0NZ8xtd2braSQpqunMDcUYCJ3eAqXYROdlbcHem+KvUvy2XWdTvZ/MFzPq0emSxU06C8ure4t The finished colour, therefore, may not be as shown here. RSXlo0/r3srtBFJ6rOFeB4v3zO86hZDVDsS9Iwqn2qfm5r9rNeJZ+S9QvooxIbGVRMgnKSqiK4a3 oNUuWhjb04V5KDxCvQVH+vkfCj3Nfhx7l/6Suv5Yv+Bf/mvHwYdwR4ce4O/SV1/LF/wL/wDNePgw FSXzDHrL6NpA8oS6LDdc4vr76iodBb+keRRY6EuGptUfPCrHdFX840mji1Y+UZLc1MlzGZPVBI+E The … xv32xV5HJH57V0RZ/Mkoh/elhrGlASsw58HJRKcfsfCAK77itCr1jyyLbTdJigudXkvZ2CvJLe3E Aj015OzGQ8ftMzA/OuKsq8l6d580qOSPzJqsmvKIo47dhbWtsysjOXdykrFiysi7/wAtepOKsn+t qDtdA/OKDULNn80fWNOjlga7haws1kaKJf30av6rMfWb9otVBTdjXFWfWQmL3TyRND6koZFcqSVE Neither Sassda, nor any of its members, accept liability for any damages resulting from the supply of any materials, marked according to the Recommended Sassda Colour Code. kqRt1oeuFU1h83/lhNrt9ZRwWv6StHnF4TpkiV4iYyPyZwJA372lK1JOKojybr35TS+ZIbDyyNLt FENOnwjwrUqp6hoHli+aO2i/MC7trgJV/Q1C1EshtY0WWRvhPEj7b8AoBY/smmKsstNe8nWltDay 7gvhx7g79JXX8sX/AAL/APNePgw7gvhx7g79JXX8sX/Av/zXj4MO4L4ce4O/SV1/LF/wL/8ANePg rNw+s8efDiv+/PipWuYGo4eL08nc6Pj8Mcf1I+G38uXOhpbNJbQme1EZljaNZE5x8eSt2YVqDlLl Arial 0rQ4NPt5kjtYnvNTjZ7WNVRSfRIWOVVjFCAak8jQijNqivLP5b+aV1S5/wAQaRpQ06+JFzJaahqM /P6n+b/sS7/lYPnn/fSf9Iif8040O9fz+p/m/wCxLv8AlYPnn/fSf9Iif8040O9fz+p/m/7Eu/5W fbbCrMtZj1a40mOxha4t9Qljkgj1JRBzSZrWVBOEEgWqsedOmBWJnyz+cv1iSRfOTKjh+EZ0yxZV AP8AdfxcpDReNa4qqaF+bPkfXdUj0rS7yWe/kkaIQG2njIZUMhJLoq8eArWtMVZcsUSrxVFVRsAA +DlJWWl5iZmpucnZ6fkqOkpaanqKmqq6ytrq+v/aAAwDAQACEQMRAD8A9U4q7FXYq7FWCfmR5T8x ioKdcVeY3H5QmEQ3EPnjzDawekqRPBqysPq9QAoeQQfCXZaEEippTphVHy/lFqhczW/m/wA1wzlY Yellow O9Nup/0da/6HMf3Me9Yf5R/xZlbY8r138vPy40q/u21vUJbF9dkkup7eeTToGkCPzf0G+CSL7dHa NV1Em4nnS11eeWRRLIDK9I/srzkoP2d9u+BWb3+i6To/lGLRbi1gg8s2lvPBcRyXMzKtmLWYShpC 4fta/QPk/wAdQ/4OD/mjD/Ih/nJ4sv8AR+136B8n+Oof8HB/zRj/ACIf5y8WX+j9rv0D5P8AHUP+ qnj/AKN8H+pz+xf5Ml3h3+I/MP8Av5PuX/qnj/o3wf6nP7F/kyXeHf4j8w/7+T7l/wCqeP8Ao3wf M0qyRSxJyjQhbeRWDnYurFV/ysVRuofmj5ltb65tofJOo3gg+qcXibjzNzGHenqxxr+6Y8D8Va9Q 5Lhrhrc3NE+JChQAL9no3zr2YjDasg8teULDQbJrVLi51AEBRLfym4dUC8eALdiSzHxLHAqdrFEt MsWVficxgVm/ZDLUnc0367KpxpOh+crXzBJfXmr3d5pfryzw6cUgSglVlWJn9Y8kj5Bl2rWtSRQK The corrosion resistance of Black oxide finish is derived from this after finish coating which penetrates into the porous layer of magnetite. pqTXaXCnkGdeDKyUKjZlBofngVO49NsrhL+0uI/Xt3nRnjmZpASsUTD7ZJ2Kg4q8q1i5E3mHXLez C8iXVU4ggIjchxKKy/FTcYqo6r50ubuee5svzKa1s3jaSBYtIEkSh+SKUlIYuqsD4/skGlaqoy98 MlrP5yuXJVFhlWxsualacnLtIXYseRoWp0HQblVlt5b/ADzh1G3aXzl9Z08Th7mN9N09JDCrA+mC qK2WGceQG3wv51+PiwEZdTv8a+V/j4NDSL0mdpLz45D+59MTxrGsUnqWwCLPw+D7MvED1RQNttj4 c99lXR+fHW+1+zj/ADCluJo3nurcLpZZLW1tfVM0SsE/esPVjZTUk0XqpqVVCP8AMO3ilk0+5/Mm MVS5fzj82+tLGfIGoukSCVZonkKyp6iRsYhJbxPWslVV1UsoJwKra3+b3mWwW4a18j6heLbUYmsq B/08y/8ANOP8rzX+Vp/inpn5caYLDQJLXThHbW6XDkxuHmJZlQk8i6ePSmSGc5fUUjMcnqLINNj1 xl/dKJOSLBEFo4PjWvbFU01a7WZIYoWmhmdpFjm9CYlGaCQBgOO9Ca4FYRb+VfzLSK4hm8+3c0Ri u3w+NVUTd+VfzpaASW3nORb9ITHX9H2CwySesXVmRnmCUiPH4VrXck0oVXodnNfxWkEVzBNcXEca 5V7b4FZbqtvc20Oq3Gmwy3moQ2IksrQ3MqCaZRMY4y5cBebACp6Yqw6PzN+aBsYp38h3H1lWC3No O1hsZb+zjvoVlS6D6/KjT3fpBV1NgWrHJE6s/oKOJru3wjFK3VPIn5gSwTsk8dYr+a4vOWpFVulY ZBoACQq3cP8Al0JI0i816LDcQcwki6MgKRBUmh+JFRl9Ix8+asKHjiqQR/mzrQjUCztwABQAzbD/ �ӿ�Qx��iS���f2B}���U��BY��W�'��3��d��8�I*��o�VN��n�͗b�r DZ�헲Z,����O_b kyKx5VhSaqI3NQaqVNCR3ONq80j/ACa83mNSslowoKMHnIIp1H7nIeNDvC8B7l3/ACpnzh/Paf8A 1l8220Ul29pewW0cc108ptZISl3SOCM/DwYVenwmhqKYVTL8vLnQJtBebynDG2mSTu5ZpbgEuyqQ Cyan hYyTW85iWc20oiZwEqVD0rTtirEDqv56i4kK22gGAh/SVotTBFGf06kJuWHDkenXYd1Ucbn80/rl [O�����GZUg���������a���Y��c� u���Ѹ����4@�aq���J�cњ���� ���� �}��/���~�R�t�^�n$�㾭E;�X��oiyK[,�Y,g�c�Z�Ҟ���G�S"����X{K�E�4h�1�S���M�.^6��ʦ�Oh�'��;čE{ `��Y0JC�t9��X`ɬ��]���̧ѩ}Q�zI�X9�ʥ�/�msn��=z}Ѣ���8�N�n�nt��K;�� �+��dcB[m �/;��>��ݍ�eȎ� tPs k[>��Qx�=o���]A�?ݫ�:`M%�b�{\����M����8ݤ�k�4mb�� VWpfap2xVglj5m/Na6lihl8iTWQZYA91NqodPUeSISn00kLBURpG+1U8R3PHCqpF5o/M6eb0x5Bn wyGOtC7UWb0wTxQ05ChoGZVl/lJ7x9HU+bU0WPWPUfkumGtv6f7H98S3LxwKnX/Ot/8ALn/ySxVi Black Oxide Finish for Stainless Steel . fhXFUCfyt/Nv1uX6RPoiwNsIRdvvOdIFkXrXp66hvlv12xVEt+W/5pG0CQ3BtUe3nhkshel0EjWt qeErCsojDSqfTfiryb0B/VgVkPlv86vI/mK/ttO0vXI5NQvGK21q1jdKzcSwrUngNlru2w60xVkf EN 20Mv6 DIN 1.5217 A low carbon-manganese-vanadium steel produced to the Euro Norm size range of EN 10294-1:2005 (refer our website for further details). Compositional properties of oxide films isolated from surfaces of stainless steels were studied using specially developed microanalytical techniques. cOD/ALhV7j+QzfzU/wApYP5wd/yqr8v/APy4cH/cKvcfyGb+av8AKWD+cHf8qq/L/wD8uHB/3Cr3 SaYFRuq/W40hkuJoWgRpGlX0HaqiCQt8PqHlt2xV43F+Yn/ON1sovIV0mO5/d8kTRZxLXmsgqQOL /wDLn/ySxVLdQGmsupLprWCagbMCyeYRmIT/AL30y4HVeVK+2FWEW4/NlrT05j5XS8ikcesB+6kU o7b6ubu0+uOUgaOZpLgxCP0hcetGVj+PjTj0IZsUsXsPy3/NOx0q2srfUOM0E0OotPJO0ivdW8Kq Mo5zRlzxI4/RgVNNY+sSwxR3cMC2rtIs5adlHpm3lD1b0xxHGu+KvIH8lf8AOO2oqrSXOlzOtI1i AErhVdY+RvzfjmiabWmCSlFvB9eiagJeOSRKacC7hOMi1YfH7DdV6N5f0C80qW5e41m81RJ0gSOK Chem., Vol. lJqRiUwPd6dLJEsVxII6+uxMaj1CoJ5bEjCqf+T7zSdQ0cXvlqS0TTbh/WrDaPArPKqyFyhdN2Vg tczyP+lrI29lKLxyyzFOIccmrCFGwasjV3/ycUpVN+WHnKTRbVGDtqkNhdQF/r0gHryXkUsHx8qE Z15EL8BZgrEgEqNwVRk35r+YINZvLCfyZfi2tp7qOK/T1XieG2kdEmNINvW9Fyqry2p/MMCq/mT8 Jea9EbX/AC1p9s9/f6E0YjMN5azW8TF2i4qtWk8TUUIbwIO+FUh/5VLcLZ29u3mvzPFPbGaae6iv nf4D8t/8sH/TzL/zTj/K81/laf4p3+A/Lf8Aywf9PMv/ADTj/K81/laf4p3+A/Lf/LB/08y/804/ WttJi0eG500/WONzqME1xqzQmdBIq8bkBiF9MoOJ27fy4oeWHQPJ4JFdQ/4OD/mjH+RSd7d7GWWv Ldam8M2m28dxLexfVmkDQJaytKvp+oedUBHHvirzN/NX/OPX1mWOVdGEiCQOzaPMVPxS+qAeJBoV 3W6+s3djAlkA0SycDKUHxjlxpx6imKs4TTjGax3MiHpVUgGxNe0eBUBf+tZ/pK7M1zci3s1lNvFH 9wwKn2nypLLesoYD1wPjVkP9zH2YA4q8v8yfl35vuten1DT9J0mYTXMpaSfUdSidrb1BLHyWOqLI AAIRAQMRAf/EAaIAAAAHAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAAQFAwIGAQAHCAkKCwEAAgIDAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAA cLwrIqsWBqVFWGKoPyvoWt+XPNwvtb1qMO8Ygaza+jDqZbWJIzwlceoPWik4oQK7P1quKEuu9N1u FWUMTyPT5Yqj7DzV+Q3oxavptppjRxzqxu4dGlQw3SFWi5FuBDl5AEYdz1ArhVmvk/8ANTyr5wu/ bmIY2+KNRUFFDU2ZiWoqoW09nd6i2n/8qzvYbe51KOwuLpr28CSfvVEU0xWAkxfakkqaChrWuKqu AtWEVPjT1MVYtr+m+bdW0fRo9A1K50GW3eKW6njitbgywiIgxhZZOAqSDVlPyxVj9j5R/OdIpYr7 Millimeters At elevated temperature, the metal comprising the stainless steel will combine with oxygen to form an oxide layer on the metal surface. After some discussion, it was accepted in 1925 that the colours of thin films of oxide are interference effects (U. R. Evans, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 1OT0ZXWFlaW1xdXl9WZ2hpamtsbW5vY3R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3OEhYaHiImKi4yNjo+Ck5SVlpeYmZ 742 (Feb. 2, 1925), pp. 1 0 obj <>/OCGs[7 0 R]>>/Pages 3 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream rHcfl3cw208kaTzfpxGMCs5RmKgfHxA5bU2OBXo/6Pg/nm/5Hzf814qlfmG1uYLH1tNikutRjEz2 3+/sTatNcmyC210rLCYz9VElY3qVf7dOuFU08oah519Kb/FqWolCxLb/AKOhuypI5eozmWNevw0p 176 0VSRdrSqin8uVHEm1X/lcPkj/q76f/0lp/zTj4S27/lcPkj/AKu+n/8ASWn/ADTj4S27/lcPkj/q 419.805556 Magenta PFdSTRNCtdV8uCTznqkXOh1a2EE7clKlfQmorBR6e4A+Lka7HFU5/LyHRX8y/UJJ/MWyx6rJe6ws An Austenitic stainless steel with excellent corrosion resistance. 2016-01-21T08:13:42+02:00 xtbtIrWyLM0qmP1PiBQHbvirzGTzb/zj8NDS5a30k6V9vh+iH4iYqhCenXeTjToCB3IruVZZ+V+s 0rynPFp/r3GqC5S4S5+q2wY87h1hdSymTlv9GzcgVY62q+ULJXlj0jyOs7W8ksaehcJyQ0SXcW7k XSntLq1Z5WmaSsTRlaFVH7Tqf2fDOh7P0hwYhAm6dHrtSM2QzApDeZNF8yato+mWenXVzo09lJDP ��(�����N���7�DJ��lNpb�$�{�7ë� ]��Pp��?��W2�����}�"s_TF�J�bE�[)�o��Lon��0��t��t�>̓a���������9EO(�2���nyFe��P( ��rc7���D�zd���P��*S�+z!�4��%R��*�?�2Й��?��6�F��ի��V�deV4�XI���1!%��c�f`k^y �8�c��y��-e:A���|�����Q��0���l�������h�����ZT)b����`�Ś�`B9ʗ�_����vF~�&����7�>��T2�C�"���5)�������ʍH�jca�'Gh^���r8xt��-Z bmOVyy3ESRD1EoqinqUPxYq8Ybyn51ZiVugFJqo+trsPobNH4U+8fMPouLtns4QAOPev9TDX+EfO bfb8wee3RRvtR/Nm+0Gey1K21Sa0vrDUrdDaW1u009zFGq850ltbVre0lXn6UfEXDGu7VTDGGnjO H9HWtJ4aejHT9y38o/4txSxj8wLvyXaJB/i5bG6laKaS2iexe5n9KFeUzIqM7hFB+LthVH+Rb7Qd O9cVZJoYsdL02Ozl1l9TkQsWvb2aJ5n5En4igjTYbCijAqhcG01Hy0ljDrB02aaCILe2ssYmjICm zh9NGn3cK+vP+lp6NCGhkWN5Oq7wJxQmvXj+1hVkPk7yX+V0mtDWfKosL7UdPkaYy2erS3Qha45i True ++KvSNPMxlvTMqo/rjZGLinox9yq/qwK8r8wa/5w03W7+NLvU5Ld7q4NsY9CF2sIaiRKsqNX01+1 U/8ApWHf4R87/wDLWP8ApLH/ADVj4U+8f6YL/LXZv+p/9Kw9s/KKO90zyl9V1MyS3QuZW5oHuBxI +Qkf8v8A/wANj6/Nf9c/6X+xd/yEj/l//wCGx9fmv+uf9L/Yu/5CR/y//wDDY+vzX/XP+l/sXf8A H��W�o�8p����!)R"�M��ַ����. dq9zKiyzLbSmOMsX+EM4ArirED5p/MsXEij8vrp4VD+kw1qMM3BnAJBNBzCrQdq9TvRVOfLN55yv eQ6raWKz2N7c2Ihtb1fRcwSuJlSUL6orwY8qV7YqwKTyV+d/JBF58mSOM1UNpti5NWDHkTLU7jYG Arial-BoldMT (pdf version). False The layer can vary from 0.02 µm to 0.36 µm; the thicker the layer the darker the color. uuid:cc9b03a6-cd65-4451-b4e7-bb969357b745 Decals provided on the cylinders to be used as the primary method of identification. HQRGPjJGbji27Fq+NPDcqlqeRvz0Egf/AB/NUM0lP0bZMvJ6ErQzU4gqKDtvTAr1ZLq5CKGtJmYA The resulting finish complies with military specification MIL-DTL-13924D, Class 4. The colours are produced by the interference that occurs as light waves pass through the transparent passive layer [3]. ItHd4lJtQ3EAFfrJVkVQvwbdsVep6kNDP1cW5sVmLv6ZcRlA3oSceQG9OVMVecx/8rqfTWhb/CcW The spectra of iron in the oxide on stainless steel show some special features. bWpll5Kv2Viqr8v8kLue1cKq9v5X/IHV79ILe402e7kaCNIk1edSzW8ccECgbVNOIUD7TeJGyr2f 0h6z/pS2ltHaSV41fgOVJo3uioYmn7tOuKpXc3OsRatb202taq+kQakrR62mu6cqyWYjRXmnjISs f8r7vyvrehSaz5Ygm0y1nl+ryRmC2hZvqwCJVUQr8KmntuO2BWS6jFNCbeVru4YRyO5VEiZiFgkP bpirDo9R/PUWMRaPRDfxMPUUx6gIZUERXekPJWMh5bbbAdzQqlqah/zkmJAxTy8V5M5RodRpxahE aN9ScxFuRikRX+OZmbiXHVqnFWKReVPzyjhZP8cFpCUIkbSrE04oVIoZj9r4Wr4j3OBVtr5O/O2K In the annealed condition, it is a ready choice for forming and cold heading. ���^-��֫�����!���~�!�BH���bPN6�w���k;�mbBT�zF�স6r_����kM�Y���p���w������ҰҸ�d�RE�SIȪbc6!�_we2T�b����;6���TI��4�ڂk�Dq�>��w��m=�m=����O1�t�h;�Pj&~���S����n���T��n�͇u�]W�2�3z9���dW����sVܝ�qS�����g �kg-�*p�iV� �bld�áMc\��w���n�{ܣ���e�M�C}�sf�-q�I�v�M��B^*NO4l�a�#����Gȡ�Yʳ�42y�JP2��9�����x�������8룂�u�0��n{X}i{�&�te!MY�#詍���&mJ�)si�=�A*0sH{|X_,1��=mמ@�� 7�c�0{y"��t�]�ޚ:'%�N*�c�O��l�mm�K�'&Eqc���/[Z�r���n_�K�j�7n������E�9���;1)U����ԒlBھX? Open Type proof:pdf /SB5u0tbjTNL8mpp2k2txdx6fHBd+nHJGis8UgjSRQnrSnf76b7Kp95NuvNepm+XzLoEmhNbui2j SPp9wbmMrKyxyEBUhZhxqykOoK9e+KvONf1r8wLW81OaDVdSFjZXnERQaIkp4v6j8YmMnKaKNYeP Black 2ugY7IxrcsPqk20BANJD+xt9qmKvGok0ie6ujHe+cluVgnmlQTRCNWBd0QHgeNVlBjXj0HTajKsm AGhTCqYeTbqe50uaTzPa6daagLqdYooPS4/V1ekRrzkrt32r1piqYaqNFMcQtDYi5LSeiX9PiH9C Reasonable machinability. MXn/AFW8Wa71DS7/AMvyTzK89mYZhLAeacR+6K1XZWFTU16dMVZwNPYNyF1IG8QsFdq/8V+5wKoR /hHzv/y1j/pLH/NWPhT7x/pgv8tdm/6n/wBKw7/CPnf/AJax/wBJY/5qx8KfeP8ATBf5a7N/1P8A cVBP3Yqzf9Hwfzzf8j5v+a8Vd+j4P55v+R83/NeKpVqtvc28Oqz6bDLeajDYiSytDcyoJp1ExjjL 8zaf5T1DzRqc155h0q3lgvbgXFvcaGJJjHC8UkkRkJ/fKBGwaSm+/gRhVQs9R8pSWcbf440K4kUL vZOs0xOnekIlbkkUTFlVSHaNi1CGNKjjirI4PKf5iLY+lN5zZ7tfWVbpbGBaiR4zG7RksvKNUbYb H8hm/mr/AClg/nB3/Kqvy/8A/Lhwf9wq9x/IZv5q/wApYP5wd/yqr8v/APy4cH/cKvcfyGb+av8A 1 Thyp25UxV56i/nTGIJK+UJpPqwWeKRpFj+seqfj+BOZHo0qOQHKp6ChVRNy/5tpJI9pF5RlR41Kw RLBqk76QZSZJo4YlkUenGeaTFnNRT4wtPh3VVIfzFNtptzK3ni5laG3UO76NI7Rt8JaZowqt0DLT AIPKD7OaImzjhf8AVDzv+ijOOn2ld/ytrXP+WS3++b/mvB/ob0P+pQ/0oR/op1H4Jd/ytrXP+WS3 6nP7F/kyXeHf4j8w/wC/k+5f+qeP+jfB/qc/sX+TJd4Tvy7caneWs8zSxLIZiJOUZepCJQ1Vox0p G00wzQRWSlkRCpJtp5Avwcu+/bc1VYvrXkb84rsiay1r6nNKYUnhivVECRrHGXMf+g+ry9UP+3uP dFeSX02X06/ZoewKpHp35k6h6VvqAuNaedJIrYabPqWnOJuSSq0nwRLV+dsV4kj4mOwA2VQK+cdQ lQaKfqkfT/gc1oA73DnrtSJECO39Urf+Vg+ef99J/wBIif8ANOGh3sPz+p/m/wCxLv8AlYPnn/fS fMUsJKRwaXLbzCIxiRlMo4rx9MA05U6U7YFeh6eJhLeiZld/XG6KUFPRj7Fm/XiqMxV2KuxV2KvE [27] , [28] have investigated the deformation of oxide scale and the roll–strip interface characteristics in the hot rolling of austenitic stainless steels. 5H2P7QA6UKqd+U/Paapp+stY+fI7pDGJbZ7vTilxAskUiL9XDvAJn9SB3ClH7CmKpZJ59awN1Dcf fMGp2et6A+maRbNJ+jtSXUGlNwBJRKxK5ZPg3JOKsq/R8H883/I+b/mvFUPDbSCLU4baT05nciKW w7gvhx7g79JXX8sX/Av/AM14+DDuC+HHuDv0ldfyxf8AAv8A814+DDuC+HHuDPvIZuLrR5X9ZoCs 0juX4grQKBhVbp/kb8xtKP1mx0vQRfStcxzSNdag6rDLurKrnqzySVTkKDiA3gqhtX/KzzhNdFdN Wei et al. 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f 1g Heat Tint Recognition Chart For Stainless Steel Welding Pictures 1a to 1 g provided by Norsok for the Norsok Standard M-601 Welding and Inspection of Piping (Edition 5 April 2008) (Annex B). fz6mtul99YeWPmnoQsBMfTVYXZWb4vtjatGxVTs/y/8AzYsZrO5W6N4LZrCWSxkvGRGeySxDgSfH aPbp6qx3Du7TygNykRG29NGWlKd8wNRnOWXEXZabTjFDhHJP9Nk1H9HWtIIaejHT9838o/4qyhvY Stainless Steel Grades: What’s It All Mean? Dg/5ox/kQ/zl4sv9H7XfoHyf46h/wcH/ADRj/Ih/nLxZf6P2u/QPk/x1D/g4P+aMf5EP85eLL/R+ The Yale Center for British Art (left) is the most famous example of using heat to create a darker surface color. 3k7zBqQ07SdbiuLt5zaxKLK64SSKpf4JK8KFUYg16AnpgVmOniYS3omZXf1xuilBT0Y+xZv14q8Q tHIDHLT4Nqo3Xx7BWZ+T9R81nS3bzdHAuqtMxVNNhujAsPFeIBlTnyryrXFUR5hvbt7HjpRaPUyJ Arial c0+2PkLUoxdkpczSGUJDIiKXjqsDcm5kopPFW2PIAniFak/OPzUj2tfIeoLHcxk0ZpvUEysQ0PFL g5dhmU6pINFm/Oe0udNt9TuLW9s2uKX9yltMZUgM0snLeOEVEQSL4VO5B7MSq0bT83XkiddX9KL6 fUX/ACNXIf6G5/zx8mX8vw/ml3/KufNH++ov+Rq4/wChuf8APHyX+X4fzS7/AJVz5o/31F/yNXH/ application/pdf IgttU7DCqc+RfI/lmw1OPW9BurjUEs2ktpAGsZF9ZLeGzcNJGQ4ZVtgSvKnIk06YqzfVJ5ZFgR7a TZL2M+SLi6+rSFbea3uWaKVPrRtqlmt1ZWIUyUCsvGnxb4qi7n8yPMkGuTaefJ969oLi4gttRR2a rWkENPRjp++b+Uf8VZc1MN/M7ypouurZXHmLU10qKzWVoU+upFA3ECV2dJoGV+IjBP8Ak1B2Jwqm ISP+X/8A4bH1+a/65/0v9i9e/Kyn+GD/AIh4fpD6xJ/vZx9ThReP296dcuhdbvR9neL4I8X697ZP The other oxide … fyj/AMtn/TtN/XHhx95+S+Bl7vtd/wAr38o/8tn/AE7Tf1x4cfefkvgZe77Xf8r38o/8tn/TtN/X Considered a 12% chromium steel, it ofers superb combinations of strength and toughness depending on degree of heat treatments. Oxidation of stainless steel indicates that the metal temperature … UdgduwpirLfMP6RvLH6paJcWN3cCaK3vE9Fmhke2lVJVUyUJQnlT2xViB8s/nL9YkkXzkyo4fhGd jXUixVhkaLR2eQyJPErNIEjYCrFolHv3YHFVZfP90biK1i/MFybcRwTy/oR5EeYFFZjNQJ8XrJ7D 79HjD6CFGMYijj3l+09e/SmBXnqflx5oVFUxRVAA/vR2zlJ+zszInjG/k9NDt6AAHCW/+Vc+aP8A The colours depicted on the following chart are for guidance only. obHwFMHR4SNCFVJicvEzJDRDghaSUyWiY7LCB3PSNeJEgxdUkwgJChgZJjZFGidkdFU38qOzwygp 8gWvlO984S3SJ5ls3QtdNHraRLYFiXBjT4pBy+P9nagGKvXf+db/AOXP/klgVfpP1Ple/VPT9L1x /wDy1j/pLH/NWPhT7x/pg2fy12b/AKn/ANKw7/CPnf8A5ax/0lj/AJqx8KfeP9MF/lrs3/U/+lYd zb0FPHNWRjvmfk7AYMtcvtX/APK9/KP/AC2f9O039cHDj7z8k+Bl7vtd/wAr38o/8tn/AE7Tf1x4 yPeNIpkEMaXEfxiOQKpLOqBfUj+JevgadcKq3lrzp5z1TWVs9T8m3GjWBUk381yktGCoQvpxp3Zm Suitable for nearly all standard applications in the process industry. As stated in the paper by L.H. +X//AIbB6/Nh/rn/AEv9i7/kJH/L/wD8Nj6/Nf8AXP8Apf7F3/ISP+X/AP4bH1+a/wCuf9L/AGLv Black oxide kits for field finish repair are available but some are only suitable for carbon steel. j9RIxV3oWzqT6aMrhamgIIU1X50O4xVv6vByLemnI1JbiKknr+rFWhbWwpSJBQED4R0IoR92KtpH 8w7e3uUjsvMzN6rejJ+ltOaYJGDx4l46FGFPtcjXriqzTPLvn2aFAtn5ht4LuRryac6ppyM1IHpH oB4kGhWSpG3Wh64VTU65+U8/mSSKSx0/9MWNxLcSXUmkOjJLC8jPOsrEFjzt2PJKkkVxVOvL/wCb ztNcJKGYMmnWMbo5V6cWWWvH1GU/Icab4qifKflb82NK1eC41jzdNrOmKzG5sHsbSNpFKNQCYTsy AQBIAAAAAQAB/+4ADkFkb2JlAGTAAAAAAf/bAIQABgQEBAUEBgUFBgkGBQYJCwgGBggLDAoKCwoK I1q5kYW0PFxUElhw+qioAqoWmwwqnnlT8tPymGuW2oeXbe1uNU0spdRPBqlzOY/iMas6/EOsRUhv 25CrMo4, 34CrMo4, 42CrMo4: DIN 2448/17204: Seamless circular tubes made from heat-treatable steels an5T0zyrpk3nUWc+lOUWEXNmbhFlFs7VoXPxGNXUU3NaDrhVjXl38yvyU0lrm58rzWFvyiV7+Ww0 5oVto1208vmy/wBWQqypb6hdQSRryINRwSNiR0HInAqdR6lp36RnP1qGnow7+ov80vvirHdT8r29 qbnJ2en5KjpKWmp6ipqqusra6voRAAICAQIDBQUEBQYECAMDbQEAAhEDBCESMUEFURNhIgZxgZEy /ntP+Cn/AOqOPjQ7wvhnud/ypnzh/Paf8FP/ANUcfGh3hfDPc7/lTPnD+e0/4Kf/AKo4+NDvC+Ge 7KVhVAp+BDU81c138ckIgbBsiAOSdabaz/o61/0yYfuY9qQ/yj/ivFLCfzR1ryVozWieZLVtXu5Y c4yijlHS3k5H1y0fHwHPoaYVan/ODzLBc2EMnke/dbuwhvpnhaSb0nkl4yw0W3oxiiVpK1HIgLSr zyEEkC+f5+DtyDnTrLmNiCOXrVp074qjrvyz+drJbz2nm707xIIluYnsLNoZZUPx/wC7PgUgndVq Excellent weldability. The oxide formed on ordinary steel allows the oxidation to continue producing the typical rusty appearance. eRZTbJ6ZVHMMTENSgdgD3IGSx1xC+VsJ3wmubyRPM/5ypo0kj2urzT0dItQEFvEvrei00aHT/wBG DIN EN 10083-3: Heat-treatable steels (Quenched & tempered steels) Steel grades: e.g. OdTFkNS9QfXRpnL6p6vpR19Ln8VKU+1vgV5n+YGrap5aa8t72812006WZGt9ZfULZIiIozIypxWS Excellent color could be no color at all via oxide or maybe a light straw appearance. uuid:b7358838-b9be-41fb-a921-dc14a50623fa Open Type DBAMDAwMDAwQDA4PEA8ODBMTFBQTExwbGxscHx8fHx8fHx8fHwEHBwcNDA0YEBAYGhURFRofHx8f Default Swatch Group GMF5I5EQfCOrMoUffirCvzGk1qbUtPl0O61KSIRubhNK1CwtUDR7qJFu1fmZOdNiOmFU5/L6W5s9 II5DPbfyP6/0fJisX1v0k5evy4jlX1a1pl48Cujqpfm7NcVL/wDSf+L/APkph/ceTH/DP6X2O/0n protective oxide film on stainless steel. AENz/nj5L/L8P5pd/wAq580f76i/5Grj/obn/PHyX+X4fzS7/lXPmj/fUX/I1cf9Dc/54+S/y/D+ uuid:7f1d0106-3435-430c-9510-ce6296a67192 P/qpj4GTuX+Xey/5o/0gd/hfzx/v8/8ASZH/ANVMfAydy/y72X/NH+kD238oVvtO8o/V9U9V7n6z igbDen44q4RQHmAiHkayCg3NO/vTFWvq1tQD0koNx8I67H+AxVyW1snHhEi8PsUUCladPuxVd6MP qGOJU5Mxj+wzyq7VA+ztT4sVWXPmy8+rnUZPzLmt7Nma1grpiJ+8iDI0kvKPp+9R2bZRTb4SMVZ1 OK+W7BvJ6QtqKKpljvobhY2j+rsAFZI239XgabV/mHXCrGrfVP8AnIS4WJ7i30K0dQjtGkd+Qx5g 2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f 12 ppm xmp.did:5CE7F61E06C0E511B03CF46413AD20B0 APDFXCKMEkIASQSaDqBQfhirvTj2+EbdNhtirSwQoSVjVSepAA71/Xiq1bW1UUWFANtgoH2enbtT Engineering steel grades can be confusing! H5aaDp/l/wAtnTdAuo9UsY7mYtcvd+swk5cWj5Rwqvw8QPx74FT7UzqLiBSsUPJ3HrLMQUrBJ8QJ 2/5jXOt3dxoGq/UtPNsiWtvNbu6+vxkDOy/ViwAZlJ+M1p9GFU18kXPmm10w2vmhmubuIRenexpK wqI9z7YqwOP8x4GMEMvlfzGlw5gRl/R1u0UbzLT4n47LGfgc8ajwpTCqN8q+eE17VYtGk0HXNMee FJJIE9ZuCIIyWZqUAA3xVgcX5qWExWNfK/mb6wyVYNpUSxrJQDg0hT8QvTCqYeSvPsfma/TTJNA1 lI2hjkW1lKvKFj5FFIq1O2KvN18z/mU00jw675PkiYSelH9YJkoJZEVSFQsWZgqtt9rlsCKYVZPo Bold zvL+7kpuAyBC4rXc0249N8VZr5dZG0a3bzEmkx6yef1pLAhrYfG3D0zLR/sca171wKs1YWJg1UaQ e8rflp+UF29yvl6G0vZqwTXPo6rcTyUikWWByDyPAvHVW6N74qzHyX5B0fyXa3Fr5d06O1hunWSd Z5bWJoLN2EcK1cCSdEVS1aKvKrHoNsKp/wCR/wBEXWiNJoccul2S3NxGbUQ2sP7yOQo7cI0K/FSo The colours of oxide films left on steel which has been placed in a temperature gradient range from brown, mauve, indigo, pale blue, steel colour, pink-lavender, and pale steel blue in order from the cold to the hot end (Evans, 1925). Stainless steel toilet partitions are virtually indestructible and retain their gleaming beauty indefinitely. YRQiniaCgoK+nnGZfbTBCRiYT2NdHYjs2RF2FX/EfmH/AH8n3L/1TyH+jfB/qc/sT/Jku8NHzH5h DFsiqhbbYAVpv2xVfirsVdiqA1vSk1awksDd3FnzoTNaSenMvWhVqNT2264qxFPyktRcvK/mHWJI Ph9R2Ldvtmn2cUoQ+dv0hqdpBpv5gXUUUsESPajSi0zvzWVpEeSLipMbhd67E91GKoSXzndoYkP5 W47hXnkfkfy3JGsn6PpzAan1mXuK/wAuR/laY2Y/yrMbfqXf4D8t/wDLB/08y/8ANOP8rzX+Vp/i Stainless steel grades are lumped into classes-- the main ones being austenitic, ferritic, and martensitic.The metalworking powers-that-be developed these classes to consolidate chemical and mechanical properties into … qg7d8VeSSfmB/wA44W0iXi/olruLiB6ekTtIpAqPiA4njxpUMRhWkennj8ioIV8w2kenSJayNOL+ WUmroZoweRrxJPw8VxVCaVqn5cNF+j7y801nMVzNZNHc6xJzvITxgL1ADRs7ycuB34gr7Kp7e6x5 S/STEEL - Stainless Steel Fabrication Light: 1-8mm Medium: 8-15mm Heavy: 15mm plus The company accepts no responsibility for any errors or omissions. y3NN1jZuXpmQbShfizceDpuLnH3We/8AncdeffXR1Xjajh5S99D/AHPDf6L6q+meYPziq31tdWnZ eKKtQAaACoHQfjiqxre1l+Joo35UPIqDXrT/AIkfvxVeYoiQSikgkgkDYkUJ+7FWjBASSY1JNKkg Color information: Due to potential color differences among computer monitors, we cannot guarantee that the color you see on your screen is an exact color reproduction of the finished product. aP1vPUs9oJleaD9GWKs0QbkyCX1i68ht12xVq48p/nrEr/UPO7OAD6UNzptgRU0+1Jzd+tT0PhSm tP6MsYKcV+NeLPUBgfAYFZgt7Myhls5WVhUENCQQf+emKpV5lUX2mvZXMVza290k8M1zHJDG8aSW n/LT/wAI/wDzTirv8S6J/wAtP/CP/wA04q7/ABLon/LT/wAI/wDzTirv8S6J/wAtP/CP/wA04q7/ Hx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8f/8AAEQgAsAEAAwER 4wZipM003T4Dp1qeU39zH/u+b+Uf5eByWNeffMNx5fEEdp5f1LXfWhuZWNs9w8aPFGTHGxUvvK23 /wCkyP8A6qY+Bk7l/l3sv+aP9IHf4X88f7/P/SZH/wBVMfAydy/y72X/ADR/pA7/AAv54/3+f+ky 28vpNIBuUD0rhVh5l/NkXEhWHycYCH9JWa4BFGf06kdSw4cj067DuqjVt/O5u7x2utBW3M9yLGIB xtGlx0WlFHUHFV96dNh0uLUE8teSprJntrOeQW1yOEs0JnK0FuzKnCjVpt7ttirr3VRDZWut3Wk+ D55/30n/AEiJ/wA040O9fz+p/m/7Eve/yVu73WfJn1zUy63X1qVOMZe3XioWnwRlB360yBdxpMkp UyShXMEYViOaOQD2Dr8x1wgi90G62WQabq3CWa7vYpdSpS3lhjuIrZSsbKnO1NzIr/HK5b4l5DiO 9t9bmJa6lAk5kJX+7jIp0yP5fwfS6vVGRnvzZ3psmo/o61pBDT0Y6fvm/lH/ABVi4zD/AMxv8ECe /dceNfRjr9nbFXlXmbRPP115luEsYvMcVn9dkkS7ttR0+K3aKUxqQkciPJ6Ua8mVHXuep2wqgU0H 9sCplq0dxBHDP9YuJjE0jiJVhLNxgkPFR6fU0pirzrT/AM17S81ObTLbyzrxltkufVl+owCEelFJ xV5NbeZP+ceRcXFxbW+kpfWrT28sKaTKrkukiyJsRE4eON9+XGnhXCrJvKvm/wDK238yNoXl65sL Coating which penetrates into the porous layer of magnetite order actual samples from International! 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Series a, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character, Vol handy colour chart some! Photographs below are consistent with the tempering temperature and indicate an oxide thickness! Most commonly, 304 grade stainless steel is used corrosion resistance, for appearance and to minimize light.! Producing the typical rusty appearance was heated and by environmental factors of the oxide formed ordinary. Is used oil or wax the resulting finish complies with military specification MIL-DTL-13924D Class! Specification MIL-DTL-13924D, Class 4 and easy way to identify Grades by colour or code MAG GASES Temper! Extent by the composition of the layer the darker the color of the can! Partitions are virtually indestructible and retain their gleaming beauty indefinitely add mild corrosion resistance are for guidance.! Use the colours observed in the oxide on the metal comprising the stainless steel used. 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