inflorescence of solanum nigrum

Description: A herb or soft-wooded shrub often lasting several years, frequently with a dark-green or purple-green aspect, pubescent with curved appressed simple hairs and with almost sessile glandular ones; leaves ovate, 4-7 x 2-5 cm, juvenile ones entire, later leaves … Synonyms : Solanum nigrum L. Common Name : Black Nightshade, Blackberry Nightshade, NightShade, PoisonBerry, Kangani; Plant Family : Solanaceae; Plant Form : Herb; Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 2, 22, 27, 28, 30; Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park About Solanum … These plants are distributed in temperate and tropical areas. are the progenitors of S. ni9rum. Sclerotic granules at most five, rarely absent. •Verticillaster: •When flowers arise in the axil … 8 Solanum anguivi + Inflorescence with most upper flowers staminate. Seedling leaves green beneath === S. nodiflorum. 2 Black nightshades. 14 genera and 52 species of this family are present in Pakistan. Additional aliens: Solanum capsicoides All. Inflorescence a variously developed cyme, initially terminal soon lateral by sympodial growth, often … Solanum nigrum L., the black nightshade (Ganapathi and Rao 1986). Leaves. Flower: Regular (actinomorphic). (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well ... "Working on the S. nigrum complex of the Indian subcontinent, Schilling and Anderson (1990), on the basis of chromosome number as well as some other morphological characters, recognized three distinct species, viz. The purpose of this study was to determine the species of Solanum nigrum complex found in Rift Valley, Nyanza and Western provinces of Kenya. Inflorescence: Usually an axillary cyme or combination of cymes, sometimes helicoids . Stem: The stem is aerial, erect and mostly herbaceous. This type of inflorescence is known as sympodial cyme as found in some members of Solanaceae (e.g., Solanum nigrum). Distribution pattern “This family has about 90 genera and 2000 species. Samples were collected … Citation: L., Sp. inflorescence and flowers. Derivation: Latin name of S. nigrum, the black-berry nightshade. Solanum nigrum L. Accepted Name Black Night Shade Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Solanales > Solanaceae > Solanum > Solanum nigrum L. Calyx: Sepals green or coloured, typically 5 sepals, gamosepalous, persistent and show valvate aestivation. It … Calyx: Five, gamosepalous, persistent as in Withania, cape- gooseberry and egg plant, inferior . Linnaeus no. Recent experimental studies (Edmonds and Glidewell 1977; Edmonds 1977, 1979; Ganapathi and Rao 1985) have proved that Solanum americanum Mili. The largest genus solanum includes 1700 species. Calyx: Sepals 5, rarely 4 or 6, … Leaves imparipinnate. 20. Inflorescence MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers) Q1. Berry 25-30 mm broad : 9 Solanum incanum : 9: Annual or perennial herbs + Shrubs or semi-shrubs : 10: Annual. Kaakmachi or B lack nightshade (Solanum nigrum, family: So lanaceae) is a perennial herb with soft stem and many branches. With some 800 accepted specific and infra-specific taxa of the more than 4,000 described, the genus Solanum contains more species than any other genus in the family Solanaceae and it is one of the largest among the angiosperms.. Phylogenetic analysis of molecular data has established or … 248.18; lecto: LINN. Synonymy: Not Applicable. Corolla: ADVERTISEMENTS: Five, gamopetalous, rotate or infundibuliform or lobed, … subsp, miniatura (Bernh. Its color is green when it was young and dark purple when it was old. Keywords, Solanum … and S. villosum Mili. nigrum, Synopsis Plantarum 1: 224(1805). Solanum nigrum L. Common name: Black nightshade, Common nightshade, Hound's berry: Hebrew name: סולנום שחור: Arabic name: عنب الذيب الأسود : Egypt: عنب الديب "Enab El-Deib" Family: Solanaceae, סולניים: Life form: Hemicryptophyte: Stems: Up to 70 cm high; stems decumbent to erect, branched, with costate (having ribs) branches; green to purple: Leaves: Alternate, entire: Inflorescence: Lateral lax cymes, 4-10 … This is a list of species in the plant genus Solanum.There may be up to approximately 1500 species worldwide. Arrangement of flowers on the floral axis is Inflorescence Phyllotaxy Placentation Corymb Answer: 1 Q2. Height: 20–80 cm (8–32 in.). Few plants are shrubs (Solanum torvum) and small trees (Solanum verbascifolium) and rarely climbers (Solanum dulcamara) Root system: The members of this family have tap root system. Parts of this … Examples: Petunia, Nicotiana, Cestrum and Solanum etc. Weeds: Some plants are weeds, e.g. PI. It is a common weed of cultivated land, open spaces in forests and roadsides; found in disturbed areas between 0-2,200 (3,500) m elevation. Name also: European Black Nightshade, Garden Nightshade, Small-fruited Black Nightshade, Duscle, Hound’s Berry, Petty Morel, Wonder Berry, Popolo ; Family: Nightshade Family – Solanaceae; Growing form: Annual herb. F. Petal Stamen Stigma Style Ovary Anther . Solanum nigrum. Calyx 6-7 mm long. Lamiaceae – Salvia Stigma Habit Close up of the flower Isolated stamen (anterior connective arm) joint between the filament and the connective Style Theca LS flower Salvia … var. Common nightshade, Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum), inflorescence, Germany. Flowers: Bracteate (Petunia), or ebracteate (Withania) pedicellate, bisexual, heterochlamydeous, actinomorphic or weakly zygomorphic due to oblique position of ovary pentamerous, hypogynous. ex willd.) The Solanum nigrum complex species have also been used traditionally as medicine. Inflorescence: Flowers are solitary or grouped having axillary or cymose inflorescence. black nightshade fragile white-yellow flower on short wooden stalk of shrub with ripening berries raceme, hanging down, exactly like street lanterns. Observe the flower bud under dissection microscope or a hand lens and note the aestivation patterns of calyx and corolla, number of sepals and petals (tri, tetra, penta-mer ous), number of stamens. Synonymy: Not Applicable. Common names: B lack nightshade, Garden nightshade. Many species make up the Solanum nigrum complex, and some include S. scabrum, S. villosum, S. americanum, S. nigrum, S. americanum, and S. physalifolium. Solanum nigrum L. and related species Jennifer M. Edmonds Department of Biology University of Leeds Leeds LS2 9JT United Kingdom and James A. Chweya Department of Crop Science University of Nairobi Nairobi Kenya. determine the correct taxonomic status of the Solanum nigrum L. complex in India. On the basis of comparative morphological and cytological studies, ir is concluded that the diploids, tetraploids and hexaploids ate in raer, Solanum americanum Mili. Inflorescence: Generally axillary or terminal cymose (Solanum) or solitary flowers ... (Solanum nigrum) solitary and axillary (Datura and Nicotiana) umbellate cyme (Withania somnifera). schultesii (Opiz) Wessely, Feddes Repertorium 63: 311(1960). Common name. Solanum nigrum L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 186. e.g., Solanum nigrum. Solanum tubersum: Potato It is covered either by prickles (some species of Solanum) or spines … Nightshade family – Solanum nigrum Habit Inflorescence (dense indumentum) Inflorescence (sparse Fully mature fullindumentum)-black berries Flowers at full anthesis Dissected flowerE. Flower: calyx +- bell-shaped; corolla +- rotate, white to purple (yellow), lobes generally of different color toward base of midrib, generally without spots at base; anthers free, > filaments, oblong or tapered, opening by 2 pores or short slits near tip, in age often splitting to base; ovary 2-chambered, style 1, generally +- straight, stigma head-like. Weed * Stem. 184 (1753). Common species. The inflorescence of Coriander is Umbel Corymb Typical raceme Umbel of umbels Answer: 4 Q4. Corolla … Semina communicavit Listemann. Pedicellate bisexual flowers borne acropetally on an elongated peduncle form an inflorescence called Spike Corymb Raceme Catkin Answer: 3 Q3. Solanum Nigrum flower is inflorescence with 2 – 10 white or violet buds. Fruit: berry, … Underground stem tubers absent. Nightshade, Blackberry; Black Nightshade; Blackberry Nightshade; Nightshade; Nightshade, Black. Common name: None. Pl. Citation: L., Sp. ADVERTISEMENTS: Flower: Pentamerous, bisexual, rarely unisexual, regular, rarely irregular (Hyoscyamus), hypogynous . Flower: calyx +- bell-shaped; corolla +- rotate, white to purple (yellow), lobes generally of different color toward base of midrib, generally without spots at base; anthers free, > filaments, oblong or tapered, opening by 2 pores or short slits near tip, in age often splitting to base; ovary 2-chambered, style 1, generally +- straight, stigma head-like. Stem ascending–erect, sparsely bristly, glabrous or smoothly haired, occasionally very hairy. In Bangladesh and Indian … Solanum nigrum: berries 8–13 mm wide, with 15–60 seeds 1.8–2.2 mm long, anthers 1.8–2.5 mm long, and inflorescence with usually 5–7 flowers (vs. S. ptycanthum, with berries 5–9 mm wide, with 50–110 seeds 1.4–1.8 mm long, anthers 1.3–2 mm long, and inflorescence with usually 1–4 flowers). Solanum opacum A.Braun & Bouche, Index Seminum in Horto Botanico Berolinensi anno 1853 collectorum: 8, 18(1853), Type: E Nova Hollandia. Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but also flowers as a shrub. Both species are distinct from S. villosum in inflorescence with usually more than 6 flowers, ... Solanum nigrum (European black nightshade or locally just "black nightshade", duscle, garden nightshade, hound's berry, petty morel, wonder berry, small-fruited black nightshade or popolo) is a species in the Solanum genus, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia and South Africa. Inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided. Leaves entire to irregular dentate. Anthers at least 1.5 mm long at anthesis (native) === S. nigrum subsp. Queensland Herb 16: 25 (1974). Commentary: Solanum nigrum, the type species of the genus … Solanum Nigrum fruit is ovale with 0.8 until 1 cm diameter. Solanum nigrum subsp. The flower is pentamerous and hypogynous. Corolla limb 25 … Underground stem tubers present. Leaf blades ovate, … Inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided. Some plants are annuals or perennial herbs (Solanum nigrum, Solanum surattense). Type: Central Asia, Herb. Solanum. Edmonds, and Solanuz~n ni qrura L. subsp, nigrum, respectively. Fruit: berry, … 186 (1753). Inflorescence a raceme. THE SOLANUM NIGRUM COMPLEX IN PACIFIC NORTH AMERICA G. Ledyard StebbinSj Jr. and Elton F. Paddock1 In the large genus Solanum, perhaps the most widespread species-group is that contained in the section Morella^ and center-ing about Solanum nigrum L., often known as "deadly nightshade." Solanum nigrum( L.) -black nightshade is a common herb or short-lived perennial shrub, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. It is native to Eurasia and introduced to the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Fruit is a berry, smooth, 5-7 cm in diametre; green and bitter when raw and black or purplish black. (ii) Biparous or Dichasial Cyme: In this type of inflorescence the peduncle bears a terminal flower and stops growing. 20. Solanum americanum (Click image to Enlarge) Photographs by: Dr. Maulik Gadani « » Botanical Name : Solanum americanum Mill. Solanum nigrum. Solanum nigrum is a medicinal plant belonging to the Solanaceae family. It consists of weedy perennials or annuals, many of which have be-come adventive in regions far from … Solanum nigrum. Solanum nigrum L. subsp. Sclerotic granules six or more. Description: Herbs, shrubs or small trees; armed or unarmed; indumentum of simple, glandular or stellate hairs; leaves alternate, petiolate, entire or lobed. Solanum Nigrum seed is round flat, small and white. Solanum nigrum L. and related species The International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) is an autonomous international scientific organization operating … Describe the vegetative and floral features of the plant in the same sequence using terms described therein. ... are present more than two lateral branches bearing terminal flowers, e.g., Calotropis procera. Download this stock image: Common nightshade, Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum), inflorescence, Germany - EYYFBT from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Common name: Black-berry nightshade, black nightshade. It should be mentioned here that the binomial S. ni9rum is now reserved for a purplish-black berried hexaploid species as characterised … According to the plant taxonomists, it has been estimated that a total of 2 to 3 million plant species exists on our planet. Solanum nigrum is a widespread species native to Eurasia (western Europe to Japan), northern Africa, and Australia, sporadically introduced in South Africa and naturalised locally in temperate North America. Special Types of Inflorescence: •Cyathium: •A cup-shaped involucre having nectar-secreting glands, a centrally placed single large female flower which is reduced to pistil, and many male flowers present in the form of stamens, e.g., Euphorbia. Things to remember. The members are found in trophics, sub-trophics, temperate regions. First glance, Solanum Nigrum shape is as same as mangosteen, but it is smaller. Among them, around two lakh species are angiosperms (flowering plants), while others include gymnosperms, bryophytes, hydrophytes and other vascular and non-vascular plants. When it is on ripening, This fruit is looked shiny and contained many seeds. Corolla limb 5-6 mm broad : 1 Solanum nigrum + Perennial. Seedling leaves purplish beneath === S. ptychanthum. nigrum. This family includes 90 genera and 2200 species. (i) S. americanum Mill., 2n = 2x = 24 (inflorescence umbellate, fruits shiny purple-black with reflexed sepals), (ii) S. villosum Mill., 2n = 4x = 48 (fruits very … Flower: Bracteate or ebracteolate, actinomorphic and generally hermaphrodite. patulum; Solanum villosum Mili. Fide R. J. F. Henderson, Contr. Cut LS of the flower, place it on a slide and observe under the dissecting … … 5-6 mm broad: 9 Solanum incanum: 9 Solanum incanum: 9 Solanum incanum: Solanum... The genus … inflorescence: panicle or umbel-like, often 1-sided terms described therein, cape- gooseberry and plant... Calyx: Sepals green or coloured, typically 5 Sepals, gamosepalous, persistent as in,! Cm in diametre ; green and bitter when raw and black or purplish black Solanaceae.! Inflorescence with 2 – 10 white or violet buds 1805 ) inflorescence of solanum nigrum: the is., and Solanuz~n ni qrura L. subsp, nigrum, the black-berry nightshade inflorescence with 2 10... 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